Introduction to the verb chagriner
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The English translation of the French verb chagriner is “to distress” or “to sadden.” It is pronounced [SHA-gree-neh] in its infinitive form.
The word chagrin comes from the Old French “chagrin” meaning “grief” or “sorrow,” which is derived from the Turkish “çagri” meaning “call” or “summons.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Conditionnel Passé tense, which indicates a hypothetical past action or situation. It is formed by combining the auxiliary verb “avoir” in the Conditionnel Présent tense with the past participle of chagriner, which is “chagriné.”
Here are three simple examples of chagriner in the Conditionnel Passé tense, with their English translations:
- Si tu avais écouté mes conseils, tu n’aurais pas chagriné ta mère. (If you had listened to my advice, you would not have distressed your mother.)
- Nous aurions été plus heureux si la situation ne nous avait pas chagrinés autant. (We would have been happier if the situation had not saddened us so much.)
- Elles se seraient fâchées si elles avaient su que leur absence m’avait chagriné. (They would have been angry if they had known that their absence had upset me.)
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of chagriner
||Si tu avais vu sa réaction, tu m’aurais chagriné.
||If you had seen his reaction, you would have hurt me.
||Tu aurais chagriné tes parents en faisant ça.
||You would have disappointed your parents by doing that.
||Il aurait chagriné sa femme avec son silence.
||He would have upset his wife with his silence.
||Elle aurait chagriné ses amis en les oubliant.
||She would have saddened her friends by forgetting them.
||On aurait chagriné tout le monde avec cette nouvelle.
||One would have saddened everyone with this news.
||Nous aurions chagriné notre grand-mère avec notre absence.
||We would have saddened our grandmother with our absence.
||Vous auriez chagriné vos voisins avec votre bruit.
||You would have bothered your neighbors with your noise.
||Ils auraient chagriné leurs enfants avec leur dispute.
||They would have upset their children with their argument.
||Elles auraient chagriné leurs parents en échouant leurs examens.
||They (female) would have disappointed their parents by failing their exams.
Other Conjugations for Chagriner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chagriner
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Chagriner – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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