Introduction to the verb doser
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The English translation of the French verb doser is “to dose.” The infinitive form of the verb is pronounced as “doh-zay.”
The word doser comes from the Latin word “dosare,” which means “to distribute in doses.” It entered the French language in the 16th century.
In everyday French, doser is most often used in the Conditionnel Présent tense, which expresses a hypothetical or potential action in the present. It is often used to talk about what someone would do in a given situation.
Here are three simple examples of doser used in the Conditionnel Présent tense, with their respective English translations:
- Si j’étais malade, je doserais mon médicament. (If I were sick, I would dose my medicine.)
- Tu doserais le sucre dans ton café si tu n’aimais pas le goût amer. (You would dose the sugar in your coffee if you didn’t like the bitter taste.)
- Nous doserions les ingrédients avec précision pour obtenir une recette parfaite. (We would dose the ingredients precisely to get a perfect recipe.)
Table of the Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of doser
||Je doserais ce médicament.
||I would dose this medicine.
||Tu doserais avec précision.
||You would dose with precision.
||Il doserait le produit.
||He would dose the product.
||Elle doserait la recette.
||She would dose the recipe.
||On doserait les ingrédients.
||One would dose the ingredients.
||Nous doserions le médicament.
||We would dose the medicine.
||Vous doseriez avec soin.
||You would dose carefully.
||Ils doseraient le traitement.
||They would dose the treatment.
||Elles doseraient le remède.
||They would dose the remedy.
Other Conjugations for Doser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser (this article)
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb doser
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Doser – About the French Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Présent” tense, often called the present conditional tense in English, is used to express actions or events that are considered hypothetical, possible, or uncertain in the present or future. It’s the equivalent of “would” or “could” in English.
To form the Conditionnel Présent tense for regular verbs, you take the infinitive form of the verb and add the appropriate endings. For example, using the verb “parler” (to speak):
Je parlerais (I would speak)
Tu parlerais (You would speak)
Il/elle/on parlerait (He/she/one would speak)
Nous parlerions (We would speak)
Vous parleriez (You would speak)
Ils/elles parleraient (They would speak)
Note – For irregular verbs, the stem might change, so you need to memorize the conjugation.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Polite Requests
The Conditionnel Présent is often used to make polite requests or suggestions. Instead of using the imperative, which can be more direct, the conditional is softer and more courteous. For example: “Je voudrais un café, s’il vous plaît” (I would like a coffee, please).
Expressing Hypothetical Situations
It’s used to talk about hypothetical or unreal situations. For instance, “Si j’avais de l’argent, j’achèterais une nouvelle voiture” (If I had money, I would buy a new car).
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
The conditional can convey doubt or uncertainty about something in the present or future. “Il serait peut-être en retard” (He might be late).
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Conditionnel Présent is often used with the present tense to express hypothetical or conditional statements. For example, “Si tu viens demain, nous irons au cinéma” (If you come tomorrow, we will go to the movies).
The Conditionnel Présent can also be used with past tenses like the imparfait to indicate a past hypothetical action. For instance, “J’aurais aimé être là hier” (I would have liked to be there yesterday).
The Conditionnel Présent can be combined with the future tense to indicate future actions that are dependent on certain conditions. For example, “Il viendrait si tu l’invitais” (He would come if you invited him).
If you want to express a hypothetical action in the past that didn’t happen, you can use the Conditionnel Présent with the past participle to form the conditional perfect. For example, “Il aurait fini son travail s’il n’était pas tombé malade” (He would have finished his work if he hadn’t gotten sick).
The Conditionnel Présent is a versatile tense in French, allowing speakers to discuss possibilities, hypothetical scenarios, and make polite requests. It’s essential to understand its usage patterns and how it interacts with other tenses to communicate effectively in various situations.
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