Introduction to the verb borner
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The English translation of the French verb borner is “to limit.” It is pronounced “bor-nay.”
Borner is derived from the Latin word “bournia,” meaning “to bound or limit.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the Futur Antérieur tense, which expresses an action that will be completed in the future before another action takes place.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Futur Antérieur tense with their English translations:
- Nous aurons borné nos dépenses avant la fin du mois. (We will have limited our expenses before the end of the month.)
- Tu auras borné ta colère avant de lui parler. (You will have controlled your anger before talking to her.)
- Ils auront borné leur territoire avant l’arrivée des nouveaux voisins. (They will have defined their territory before the arrival of the new neighbors.)
Table of the Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of borner
||J’aurai borné mon terrain.
||I will have delimited my land.
||tu auras borné
||Tu auras borné ton avis.
||You will have limited your opinion.
||il aura borné
||Il aura borné sa colère.
||He will have restrained his anger.
||elle aura borné
||Elle aura borné sa jalousie.
||She will have bounded her jealousy.
||on aura borné
||On aura borné notre territoire.
||One/We will have delimited our territory.
||nous aurons borné
||Nous aurons borné notre liberté.
||We will have limited our freedom.
||vous aurez borné
||Vous aurez borné vos dépenses.
||You will have limited your expenses.
||ils auront borné
||Ils auront borné leur terrain.
||They will have delimited their land.
||elles auront borné
||Elles auront borné leur domaine.
||They will have bounded their domain.
Other Conjugations for Borner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner (this article)
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb borner
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Borner – About the French Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense
The French futur antérieur tense is a compound tense used to express actions or events that will have occurred in the future before another action takes place. It is formed by using the future tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” (depending on the main verb) followed by the past participle of the main verb.
1. For most verbs, use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– Subject + future tense of “avoir” + past participle
Example with the verb “manger” (to eat):
– J’aurai mangé (I will have eaten)
– Tu auras mangé (You will have eaten)
– Il/elle/on aura mangé (He/She/One will have eaten)
– Nous aurons mangé (We will have eaten)
– Vous aurez mangé (You will have eaten)
– Ils/elles auront mangé (They will have eaten)
2. For a select group of verbs, use “être” as the auxiliary verb. These are typically verbs of motion or state-changing verbs (e.g., aller, venir, naître, mourir, partir, etc.). The formation is the same, but the auxiliary verb is “être.”
Example with the verb “partir” (to leave):
– Je serai parti(e) (I will have left)
– Tu seras parti(e) (You will have left)
– Il/elle/on sera parti(e) (He/She/One will have left)
– Nous serons parti(e)s (We will have left)
– Vous serez parti(e)(s) (You will have left)
– Ils/elles seront parti(e)s (They will have left)
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. The futur antérieur is used to express an action that will be completed before a specific point in the future. For example:
– Je partirai dès que j’aurai fini mon travail. (I will leave as soon as I have finished my work.)
– Ils seront rentrés avant que la pluie commence. (They will have returned before the rain starts.)
2. It is often used with time expressions that indicate when the action will occur relative to another future action, such as “dès que” (as soon as), “avant que” (before), “une fois que” (once), etc.
Interactions with Other Tenses
– The futur antérieur tense is commonly used in combination with the future simple (futur simple) and other tenses to indicate the sequence of actions in the future. The futur antérieur typically refers to the action that will have been completed before another action takes place.
– Quand tu auras terminé ton devoir, tu pourras sortir. (When you have finished your homework, you can go out.)
– J’irai te voir après que tu seras rentré. (I will visit you after you have returned.)
The futur antérieur tense is used to express completed actions in the future that will occur before another specified future action or event. It’s a crucial tense for describing the chronological order of events in French.
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