Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer

Introduction to the verb embusquer

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The English translation of the French verb embusquer is “to ambush.” It is pronounced as ahn-bew-skeh.

Originating from the Latin verb “insidiare,” which means “to lie in wait,” embusquer entered the French language in the 17th century. It is most commonly used in its transitive form, meaning that it requires a direct object.

In everyday French, embusquer is often used in the Futur Antérieur tense, which is the future perfect tense in English. This tense is formed by using the future tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and adding the past participle of the main verb. In this tense, embusquer indicates an action that will have been completed at a specific point in the future.

Three simple examples of its usage in the Futur Antérieur tense are:

  1. Nous aurons embusqué les ennemis avant qu’ils n’arrivent. (We will have ambushed the enemies before they arrive.)

  2. Elle sera embusquée dans les buissons pour surprendre son petit frère. (She will have been lying in wait in the bushes to surprise her little brother.)

  3. J’aurai embusqué mon cadeau avant que ma mère ne le trouve. (I will have hidden my gift before my mother finds it.)

Table of the Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of embusquer

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je j’aurai embusqué J’aurai embusqué le lapin. I will have ambushed the rabbit.
tu tu auras embusqué Tu auras embusqué l’ennemi. You will have ambushed the enemy.
il il aura embusqué Il aura embusqué le voleur. He will have ambushed the thief.
elle elle aura embusqué Elle aura embusqué le coupable. She will have ambushed the culprit.
on on aura embusqué On aura embusqué l’oiseau. One/We will have ambushed the bird.
nous nous aurons embusqué Nous aurons embusqué l’escroc. We will have ambushed the swindler.
vous vous aurez embusqué Vous aurez embusqué le fugitif. You will have ambushed the fugitive.
ils ils auront embusqué Ils auront embusqué le lion. They will have ambushed the lion.
elles elles auront embusqué Elles auront embusqué le vendeur. They will have ambushed the salesman.

Other Conjugations for Embusquer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer (this article)

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embusquer

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Embusquer – About the French Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense

The French futur antérieur tense is a compound tense used to express actions or events that will have occurred in the future before another action takes place. It is formed by using the future tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” (depending on the main verb) followed by the past participle of the main verb.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Construction

1. For most verbs, use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – Subject + future tense of “avoir” + past participle
Example with the verb “manger” (to eat):
– J’aurai mangé (I will have eaten)
– Tu auras mangé (You will have eaten)
– Il/elle/on aura mangé (He/She/One will have eaten)
– Nous aurons mangé (We will have eaten)
– Vous aurez mangé (You will have eaten)
– Ils/elles auront mangé (They will have eaten)
2. For a select group of verbs, use “être” as the auxiliary verb. These are typically verbs of motion or state-changing verbs (e.g., aller, venir, naître, mourir, partir, etc.). The formation is the same, but the auxiliary verb is “être.”
Example with the verb “partir” (to leave):
– Je serai parti(e) (I will have left)
– Tu seras parti(e) (You will have left)
– Il/elle/on sera parti(e) (He/She/One will have left)
– Nous serons parti(e)s (We will have left)
– Vous serez parti(e)(s) (You will have left)
– Ils/elles seront parti(e)s (They will have left)

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. The futur antérieur is used to express an action that will be completed before a specific point in the future. For example:
   – Je partirai dès que j’aurai fini mon travail. (I will leave as soon as I have finished my work.)
   – Ils seront rentrés avant que la pluie commence. (They will have returned before the rain starts.)
2. It is often used with time expressions that indicate when the action will occur relative to another future action, such as “dès que” (as soon as), “avant que” (before), “une fois que” (once), etc.

Interactions with Other Tenses

– The futur antérieur tense is commonly used in combination with the future simple (futur simple) and other tenses to indicate the sequence of actions in the future. The futur antérieur typically refers to the action that will have been completed before another action takes place.

For example

– Quand tu auras terminé ton devoir, tu pourras sortir. (When you have finished your homework, you can go out.)
– J’irai te voir après que tu seras rentré. (I will visit you after you have returned.)

Summary

The futur antérieur tense is used to express completed actions in the future that will occur before another specified future action or event. It’s a crucial tense for describing the chronological order of events in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb embusquer. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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