Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

Introduction to the verb dicter

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The English translation of the French verb dicter is “to dictate”. It is pronounced as “dee-ktay”.

The origin of the word dicter can be traced back to the Latin word “dictare”, meaning “to dictate”. In everyday French, dicter is a verb that is commonly used in the futur proche tense, which is used to express actions that will happen in the near future.

Three simple examples of dicter in the futur proche tense with their respective English translations are:

  1. Je vais te dicter les instructions pour le jeu. (I am going to dictate the instructions for the game.)
  2. Elle va dicter une lettre à son assistante. (She is going to dictate a letter to her assistant.)
  3. Ils vont me dicter les changements à faire dans le rapport. (They are going to dictate the changes to be made in the report.)

Table of the Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of dicter

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je vais dicter Je vais dicter une lettre. I am going to dictate a letter.
tu vas dicter Tu vas dicter un poème. You are going to dictate a poem.
il va dicter Il va dicter un discours. He is going to dictate a speech.
elle va dicter Elle va dicter un livre. She is going to dictate a book.
on va dicter On va dicter une liste. We/One are going to dictate a list.
nous allons dicter Nous allons dicter un article. We are going to dictate an article.
vous allez dicter Vous allez dicter une rédaction. You are going to dictate an essay.
ils vont dicter Ils vont dicter un testament. They are going to dictate a will.
elles vont dicter Elles vont dicter un rapport. They are going to dictate a report.

Other Conjugations for Dicter.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter    (this article)

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Dicter – About the French Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense

The French futur proche, also known as the near future tense, is a verb tense used to express actions or events that will happen in the near future. It’s a relatively simple tense to form and is commonly used in everyday conversation in the French language.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the futur proche, you typically use the present tense conjugation of the verb “aller” (to go) and follow it with the infinitive of the main verb:

1. Conjugate “aller” in the present tense according to the subject pronoun:

   – Je vais (I am going)
   – Tu vas (You are going)
   – Il/elle/on va (He/she/one is going)
   – Nous allons (We are going)
   – Vous allez (You are going)
   – Ils/elles vont (They are going)

2. Add the infinitive of the main verb immediately after “aller.” For example:

   – Je vais manger (I am going to eat)
   – Tu vas étudier (You are going to study)
   – Il va partir (He is going to leave)
   – Nous allons danser (We are going to dance)
   – Vous allez voyager (You are going to travel)
   – Ils vont travailler (They are going to work)

Common Everyday Usage

The futur proche is used to talk about actions or events that are expected to happen in the near future. It is often used in casual, everyday conversations to discuss plans, intentions, or predictions. For instance:
– Je vais faire les courses demain. (I am going to do the grocery shopping tomorrow.)
– Ils vont regarder un film ce soir. (They are going to watch a movie tonight.)
– Tu vas rencontrer Sophie à la gare. (You are going to meet Sophie at the train station.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

The futur proche is used to talk about the near future and should not be confused with the futur simple (simple future), which is used to discuss events that will happen further in the future. Here are some interactions with other tenses:

Present Tense

The futur proche is often used to express actions happening in the near future alongside actions in the present tense. For example: “Je travaille demain” (I am working tomorrow).

Past Tense

When narrating events in the past, the futur proche can be used to describe what was about to happen at a specific point in time. For example: “Il est arrivé à l’aéroport, mais son avion allait partir” (He arrived at the airport, but his plane was about to leave).

Conditional Tense

The futur proche can also be combined with the conditional to express future actions that are contingent on certain conditions. For example: “Si j’ai le temps, j’irai au cinéma ce soir” (If I have time, I will go to the cinema tonight).

Summary

The French futur proche is a versatile tense used to describe actions or events that will occur in the near future. It’s commonly used in everyday conversation to discuss plans, intentions, and predictions, and it interacts with other tenses to provide context for different time frames.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb dicter. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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