Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner

Introduction to the verb cogner

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The English translation of the French verb cogner is “to knock” or “to hit”. It is pronounced as “kohn-yay”.

The word cogner comes from the Old French word “cogner” which also means “to knock”. It is a regular -er verb and is most often used in every day French in the Futur Simple tense to express future actions.

Three simple examples of its usage in the Futur Simple tense are:

  1. Je cognerai à la porte demain. (I will knock on the door tomorrow.)
  2. Tu vas cogner ta tête si tu continues à courir comme ça! (You are going to knock your head if you keep running like that!)
  3. Ils cogneront leur adversaire sur le terrain. (They will hit their opponent on the field.)

Table of the Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of cogner

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je cognerai Je cognerai à la porte. I will knock on the door.
tu cogneras Tu cogneras contre le mur. You will bump into the wall.
il cognera Il cognera sur la table. He will hit the table.
elle cognera Elle cognera à la porte. She will knock on the door.
on cognera On cognera contre le meuble. One/We will hit against the furniture.
nous cognerons Nous cognerons dans les mains. We will clap our hands.
vous cognerez Vous cognerez à la porte. You will knock on the door.
ils cogneront Ils cogneront sur le ballon. They will hit the ball.
elles cogneront Elles cogneront contre le mur. They will bump into the wall.

Other Conjugations for Cogner.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cogner
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner (this article)

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogner

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Cogner – About the French Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense

This tense is used to express actions or events that will occur in the future. It’s a relatively straightforward tense to understand and is commonly used in everyday French conversations. 

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see our article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of Futur Simple

The futur simple tense is formed by adding specific endings to the infinitive form of the verb. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs, with a few exceptions.

For regular -er verbs (e.g., parler – to speak)

Je parlerai (I will speak)
Tu parleras (You will speak)
Il/elle/on parlera (He/she/one will speak)
Nous parlerons (We will speak)
Vous parlerez (You will speak)
Ils/elles parleront (They will speak)

For regular -ir verbs (e.g., finir – to finish)

Je finirai (I will finish)
Tu finiras (You will finish)
Il/elle/on finira (He/she/one will finish)
Nous finirons (We will finish)
Vous finirez (You will finish)
Ils/elles finiront (They will finish)

For regular -re verbs (e.g., vendre – to sell)

Je vendrai (I will sell)
Tu vendras (You will sell)
Il/elle/on vendra (He/she/one will sell)
Nous vendrons (We will sell)
Vous vendrez (You will sell)
Ils/elles vendront (They will sell)

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Expressing Future Actions: The futur simple is used to talk about actions or events that will take place in the future. It’s similar to the English “will” or “shall.”
Je partirai demain. (I will leave tomorrow.)
Ils mangeront à la maison ce soir. (They will eat at home tonight.)
Polite Requests and Offers: It is commonly used to make polite requests or offers.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you help me, please?)
Je vous offrirai un café. (I will offer you a coffee.)

Conditional Statements

The futur simple can be used in conditional statements (si clauses) to express future possibilities.
Si tu viens demain, je t’expliquerai tout. (If you come tomorrow, I will explain everything.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Futur Antérieur

The futur simple is often used in combination with the futur antérieur (future perfect) to indicate that one action will happen before another in the future. For example, “Quand j’aurai fini (futur antérieur) mes devoirs, je partirai (futur simple) au cinéma” (When I have finished my homework, I will go to the cinema).

Conditional

In conditional sentences, you may see the futur simple used in the main clause while the conditional present is used in the subordinate clause. For example, “Si j’ai le temps (conditional present), je travaillerai (futur simple) sur ce projet” (If I have the time, I will work on this project).

Present

In some cases, the futur simple can be used to express future actions, even though the present tense is also an option. The choice between the two often depends on the context and the degree of certainty or formality.

Summary

It’s worth noting that while the futur simple is commonly used, it’s more common in written French, whereas in spoken French, the futur proche (near future) is often used, formed with the verb “aller” + infinitive (e.g., je vais parler – I am going to speak). 
However, mastering the futur simple is essential for a complete understanding of French verb tenses and will greatly enhance your ability to express future actions and possibilities in the language.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb cogner. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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