Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Introduction to the verb bomber

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The English translation of the French verb “bomber” is “to bomb.” The infinitive form of “bomber” is pronounced as [bɔ̃m.be].

The word “bomber” originates from the Latin word “bombus,” meaning “buzzing” or “humming.” In everyday French, “bomber” is most often used in the imparfait tense, which expresses ongoing or repeated actions in the past.

Here are three simple examples of “bomber” in the imparfait tense along with their English translations:

  1. Je bombais les ballons. (I used to pump up the balloons.)
  2. Tu bombais les pneus. (You used to inflate the tires.)
  3. Il/Elle bombardait la ville. (He/She was bombing the city.)

Please note that “bomber” can have other meanings as well, such as “to puff out” or “to contour.” The examples given above specifically refer to the action of bombing.

Table of the Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of bomber

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je bombeais Je bombais les routes. I was bombing the roads.
tu bombais Tu bombais les murs. You were bombing the walls.
il bombait Il bombait les bâtiments. He was bombing the buildings.
elle bombait Elle bombait les voitures. She was bombing the cars.
on bombait On bombait les stations de métro. We were bombing the metro stations.
nous bombions Nous bombions les usines. We were bombing the factories.
vous bombiez Vous bombiez les ponts. You were bombing the bridges.
ils bombaient Ils bombaient les bases. They were bombing the bases.
elles bombaient Elles bombaient les avions. They were bombing the planes.

Other Conjugations for Bomber.

Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber (You’re reading it right now!)

Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bomber

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Bomber – About the French Imparfait Tense

The French imparfait tense, often called the imperfect tense in English, is used to describe actions or states in the past. It’s primarily used to provide background information, set the scene, or describe habitual or ongoing actions in the past.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see our article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Imparfait Tense

To form the imparfait tense in French, you typically take the present tense nous form of the verb, drop the -ons ending, and add specific endings based on the verb group (regular -er, -ir, -re verbs) or use irregular forms for certain verbs.  

For regular -er verbs:

Take the infinitive form (e.g., parler, finir, rendre) Remove the -er ending Add the imparfait endings: -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient 

For regular -ir verbs

Take the infinitive form (e.g., choisir, grandir, finir) Remove the -ir ending Add the imparfait endings: -issais, -issais, -issait, -issions, -issiez, -issaient 

For regular -re verbs

Take the infinitive form (e.g., vendre, attendre, entendre) Remove the -re ending Add the imparfait endings: -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Description of Past Habits

The imparfait is often used to describe habitual actions or situations in the past. For example: “Quand j’étais enfant, je jouais au football tous les jours.” (When I was a child, I used to play football every day.) 

Background Information

It’s used to provide background information or set the stage for a main event in the past. For instance: “Il faisait beau ce jour-là.” (The weather was nice that day.) 

Mental and Emotional States

It’s employed to express emotions, thoughts, or physical sensations in the past. For example: “J’étais content quand il est arrivé.” (I was happy when he arrived.) 

Ongoing Actions

The imparfait describes actions that were in progress or happening when something else occurred in the past. For instance: “Je lisais un livre quand le téléphone a sonné.” (I was reading a book when the phone rang.)

Points to Note About the Imparfait Tense

Passé Composé vs. Imparfait

The imparfait and passé composé (a compound past tense) are often used together to express the completion of an action in the past (passé composé) and provide context or background (imparfait). For example: “Il regardait la télévision quand son ami est arrivé.” (He was watching TV when his friend arrived.) 

Conditional

The imparfait is used as the base for forming the conditional mood in French. For instance, “Je mangerais” (I would eat) is formed from “je mangeais” (I was eating). 

Si Clauses

In hypothetical or “if” clauses (si clauses), the imparfait is often used to express a condition in the past. For example: “Si j’avais de l’argent, j’achèterais une nouvelle voiture.” (If I had money, I would buy a new car.) 

Narration

In storytelling or writing, the imparfait is frequently used to set the scene and describe ongoing actions while the passé composé is used for specific events or actions that interrupted the ongoing ones.
Understanding the French imperfect tense is crucial for effective communication in French. Without it, your conversations will always live in the present!

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb bomber. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb imparfait conjugation!

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