Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Introduction to the verb désinculper

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The English translation of the French verb “désinculper” is “to exonerate” or “to clear of guilt.” The infinitive form “désinculper” is pronounced as “day-zahn-kool-pay.”

“Désinculper” is derived from the combination of the prefix “dés-” (meaning “un-” or “de-“) and the verb “inculper” (meaning “to accuse” or “to charge”). The word “inculper” comes from the Latin “inculpāre,” meaning “to blame” or “to accuse.”

In everyday French, “désinculper” is most often used in the imparfait tense to talk about ongoing or habitual actions in the past, as well as to express hypotheses or conditions.

Here are three simple examples of “désinculper” in the imparfait tense:

  1. Quand j’étais avocat, je désinculpais souvent des innocents.
    (When I was a lawyer, I used to exonerate innocent people often.)

  2. Si tu te tenais tranquille, je t’aurais désinculpé.
    (If you had stayed quiet, I would have cleared you of guilt.)

  3. Elle désinculpait les suspects systématiquement.
    (She used to exonerate suspects systematically.)

Note: The imparfait tense is used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past, conditions, and hypotheses.

Table of the Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of désinculper

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je désinculpais Je désinculpais mon ami. I was clearing my friend.
tu désinculpais Tu désinculpais les accusés. You were clearing the accused.
il désinculpait Il désinculpait le suspect. He was clearing the suspect.
elle désinculpait Elle désinculpait la victime. She was clearing the victim.
on désinculpait On désinculpait les témoins. We were clearing the witnesses.
nous désinculpions Nous désinculpions les inculpés. We were clearing the defendants.
vous désinculpiez Vous désinculpiez les coupables. You were clearing the guilty.
ils désinculpaient Ils désinculpaient les criminels. They were clearing the criminals.
elles désinculpaient Elles désinculpaient les suspects. They were clearing the suspects.

Other Conjugations for Désinculper.

Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper (You’re reading it right now!)

Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désinculper

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Désinculper – About the French Imparfait Tense

The French imparfait tense, often called the imperfect tense in English, is used to describe actions or states in the past. It’s primarily used to provide background information, set the scene, or describe habitual or ongoing actions in the past.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see our article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Imparfait Tense

To form the imparfait tense in French, you typically take the present tense nous form of the verb, drop the -ons ending, and add specific endings based on the verb group (regular -er, -ir, -re verbs) or use irregular forms for certain verbs.  

For regular -er verbs:

Take the infinitive form (e.g., parler, finir, rendre) Remove the -er ending Add the imparfait endings: -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient 

For regular -ir verbs

Take the infinitive form (e.g., choisir, grandir, finir) Remove the -ir ending Add the imparfait endings: -issais, -issais, -issait, -issions, -issiez, -issaient 

For regular -re verbs

Take the infinitive form (e.g., vendre, attendre, entendre) Remove the -re ending Add the imparfait endings: -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Description of Past Habits

The imparfait is often used to describe habitual actions or situations in the past. For example: “Quand j’étais enfant, je jouais au football tous les jours.” (When I was a child, I used to play football every day.) 

Background Information

It’s used to provide background information or set the stage for a main event in the past. For instance: “Il faisait beau ce jour-là.” (The weather was nice that day.) 

Mental and Emotional States

It’s employed to express emotions, thoughts, or physical sensations in the past. For example: “J’étais content quand il est arrivé.” (I was happy when he arrived.) 

Ongoing Actions

The imparfait describes actions that were in progress or happening when something else occurred in the past. For instance: “Je lisais un livre quand le téléphone a sonné.” (I was reading a book when the phone rang.)

Points to Note About the Imparfait Tense

Passé Composé vs. Imparfait

The imparfait and passé composé (a compound past tense) are often used together to express the completion of an action in the past (passé composé) and provide context or background (imparfait). For example: “Il regardait la télévision quand son ami est arrivé.” (He was watching TV when his friend arrived.) 

Conditional

The imparfait is used as the base for forming the conditional mood in French. For instance, “Je mangerais” (I would eat) is formed from “je mangeais” (I was eating). 

Si Clauses

In hypothetical or “if” clauses (si clauses), the imparfait is often used to express a condition in the past. For example: “Si j’avais de l’argent, j’achèterais une nouvelle voiture.” (If I had money, I would buy a new car.) 

Narration

In storytelling or writing, the imparfait is frequently used to set the scene and describe ongoing actions while the passé composé is used for specific events or actions that interrupted the ongoing ones.
Understanding the French imperfect tense is crucial for effective communication in French. Without it, your conversations will always live in the present!

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb désinculper. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb imparfait conjugation!

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