Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Introduction to the verb enchâsser

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The English translation of the French verb enchâsser is “to set” or “to embed.” The infinitive form of enchâsser is pronounced as “ahn-shah-say.”

Enchâsser is derived from the Old French word “chas” meaning “case” or “box.” It belongs to the group of French verbs that end with the suffix “-er.” In everyday French, enchâsser is commonly used to refer to the act of setting or embedding something into a larger structure or container. It often relates to fitting something securely or integrating it harmoniously.

Examples of enchâsser in the imparfait tense:

  1. Chaque jour, il enchâssait des diamants dans des bijoux magnifiques.
    (Every day, he would set diamonds into magnificent jewelry.)

  2. L’artisan enchâssait les vitraux dans les fenêtres de l’église.
    (The craftsman was embedding stained glass into the church windows.)

  3. Elle enchâssait des perles dans les sculptures qu’elle créait.
    (She used to set pearls into the sculptures she made.)

English translations:

  1. Every day, he would set diamonds into magnificent jewelry.
  2. The craftsman was embedding stained glass into the church windows.
  3. She used to set pearls into the sculptures she made.

Table of the Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of enchâsser

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je enchâssais J’enchâssais les bijoux. I was setting the jewels.
tu enchâssais Tu enchâssais les pierres. You were embedding the stones.
il enchâssait Il enchâssait les diamants. He was setting the diamonds.
elle enchâssait Elle enchâssait les perles. She was setting the pearls.
on enchâssait On enchâssait les joyaux. We were setting the jewels.
nous enchâssions Nous enchâssions les colliers. We were setting the necklaces.
vous enchâssiez Vous enchâssiez les bracelets. You were setting the bracelets.
ils enchâssaient Ils enchâssaient les saphirs. They were setting the sapphires.
elles enchâssaient Elles enchâssaient les émeraudes. They were setting the emeralds.

Other Conjugations for Enchâsser.

Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser (You’re reading it right now!)

Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enchâsser

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Enchâsser – About the French Imparfait Tense

The French imparfait tense, often called the imperfect tense in English, is used to describe actions or states in the past. It’s primarily used to provide background information, set the scene, or describe habitual or ongoing actions in the past.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see our article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Imparfait Tense

To form the imparfait tense in French, you typically take the present tense nous form of the verb, drop the -ons ending, and add specific endings based on the verb group (regular -er, -ir, -re verbs) or use irregular forms for certain verbs.  

For regular -er verbs:

Take the infinitive form (e.g., parler, finir, rendre) Remove the -er ending Add the imparfait endings: -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient 

For regular -ir verbs

Take the infinitive form (e.g., choisir, grandir, finir) Remove the -ir ending Add the imparfait endings: -issais, -issais, -issait, -issions, -issiez, -issaient 

For regular -re verbs

Take the infinitive form (e.g., vendre, attendre, entendre) Remove the -re ending Add the imparfait endings: -ais, -ais, -ait, -ions, -iez, -aient

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Description of Past Habits

The imparfait is often used to describe habitual actions or situations in the past. For example: “Quand j’étais enfant, je jouais au football tous les jours.” (When I was a child, I used to play football every day.) 

Background Information

It’s used to provide background information or set the stage for a main event in the past. For instance: “Il faisait beau ce jour-là.” (The weather was nice that day.) 

Mental and Emotional States

It’s employed to express emotions, thoughts, or physical sensations in the past. For example: “J’étais content quand il est arrivé.” (I was happy when he arrived.) 

Ongoing Actions

The imparfait describes actions that were in progress or happening when something else occurred in the past. For instance: “Je lisais un livre quand le téléphone a sonné.” (I was reading a book when the phone rang.)

Points to Note About the Imparfait Tense

Passé Composé vs. Imparfait

The imparfait and passé composé (a compound past tense) are often used together to express the completion of an action in the past (passé composé) and provide context or background (imparfait). For example: “Il regardait la télévision quand son ami est arrivé.” (He was watching TV when his friend arrived.) 

Conditional

The imparfait is used as the base for forming the conditional mood in French. For instance, “Je mangerais” (I would eat) is formed from “je mangeais” (I was eating). 

Si Clauses

In hypothetical or “if” clauses (si clauses), the imparfait is often used to express a condition in the past. For example: “Si j’avais de l’argent, j’achèterais une nouvelle voiture.” (If I had money, I would buy a new car.) 

Narration

In storytelling or writing, the imparfait is frequently used to set the scene and describe ongoing actions while the passé composé is used for specific events or actions that interrupted the ongoing ones.
Understanding the French imperfect tense is crucial for effective communication in French. Without it, your conversations will always live in the present!

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb enchâsser. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb imparfait conjugation!

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