Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Introduction to the verb consterner

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The English translation of the French verb “consterner” is “to dismay” or “to appall”. The infinitive form “consterner” is pronounced as “kawn-stay-nay”.

The word “consterner” comes from the Latin “consternare” meaning “to throw into confusion”. In everyday French, it is commonly used to express a feeling of shock, disappointment, or deep distress.

Examples:

  1. Sa réponse m’a consterné. (His response dismayed me.)
  2. Leur comportement consterne tout le monde. (Their behavior appalls everyone.)
  3. Cette nouvelle a consterné le public. (This news has dismayed the public.)

Consterner – About the French Present Tense

The French present tense, also known as “le présent,” is used to describe actions that are happening at the moment of speaking or for actions that are habitual, general truths, or that will occur in the near future. It’s the most basic and common tense in French.

To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see our article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns For Le Present

1. Describing Actions in the Present: The present tense is used to describe actions happening right now or at the moment of speaking. For example: “Je parle avec mon ami” (I am talking to my friend).
2. Expressing Habits and Routines: The present tense is used to talk about habitual actions or routines. For example: “Je travaille tous les jours” (I work every day).
3. Stating General Truths: The present tense is used to express general truths or facts. For example: “La Terre tourne autour du soleil” (The Earth orbits around the sun).
4. Talking about Near Future: The present tense can be used to express future actions that are very imminent or part of a planned schedule. For example: “Je pars demain matin” (I am leaving tomorrow morning).

Interactions with Other Tenses

Present vs. Future Tense: In some cases, the French present tense can be used to express the future when the context makes it clear that the action is imminent. However, for actions further in the future or less certain, the future tense is typically used.
Present vs. Past Tenses: To describe actions that occurred in the past, you would use the past tenses like the passé composé (compound past) or the imparfait (imperfect). The choice between these past tenses depends on the specific aspect and circumstances of the past action.
Present vs. Conditional Tense: The conditional tense is used to express actions that are dependent on a condition. If a condition is met, the action may happen. The present tense is used for actions in the present, while the conditional is used for hypothetical or future actions based on conditions.
Present vs. Imperative: The imperative mood is used to give commands or make requests. The present tense is used for general statements, and the imperative is used for direct orders or requests.
Understanding the French present tense and its interactions with other tenses is crucial for effective communication in French. Without it, you cannot become proficient!

Table of the Present Tense Conjugation of consterner

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
Je consterne Je consterne mon professeur. I dismay my teacher.
Tu consternes Tu consternes tes parents. You dismay your parents.
Il consterne Il consterne son ami. He dismays his friend.
Elle consterne Elle consterne sa sœur. She dismays her sister.
On consterne On consterne nos voisins. We dismay our neighbors.
Nous consternons Nous consternons nos collègues. We dismay our colleagues.
Vous consternez Vous consternez les spectateurs. You dismay the spectators.
Ils consternent Ils consternent leurs ennemis. They dismay their enemies.
Elles consternent Elles consternent leurs partenaires. They dismay their partners.

Other Conjugations for Consterner.

Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb consterner (You’re reading it right now!)

Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb consterner

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