L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager

Introduction to the verb dédommager

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The English translation of the French verb dédommager is “to compensate” or “to reimburse.” It is pronounced as “day-doh-mah-zhay.”

The word dédommager comes from the Latin word “dommage,” meaning damage or loss. It first appeared in French in the 14th century and has been used in legal contexts to refer to compensating for damages or losses.

In everyday French, dédommager is most often used in the L’impératif Présent tense, which is the imperative mood used for giving commands or orders.

Here are three simple examples of its usage in this tense with their English translations:

  1. Dédommagez vos employés pour leur travail acharné. (Compensate your employees for their hard work.)
  2. Ne tardez pas à dédommager les victimes de l’incendie. (Do not delay in compensating the victims of the fire.)
  3. Dédommagez-moi pour les dommages matériels causés par votre chien. (Compensate me for the material damages caused by your dog.)

Table of the L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of dédommager

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je dédommage Je dédommage les victimes. I compensate the victims.
tu dédommages Dédommages ton voisin pour le bruit. Compensate your neighbor for the noise.
il dédommage Il dédommage les employés licenciés. He compensates the laid-off employees.
elle dédommage Elle dédommage les clients mécontents. She compensates the unhappy customers.
on dédommage On dédommage les personnes lésées. We compensate the injured people.
nous dédommageons Dedommageons les travailleurs pour leur temps supplémentaire. Let’s compensate the workers for their overtime.
vous dédommagez Dedommagez les fournisseurs pour les livraisons tardives. Compensate the suppliers for the late deliveries.
ils dédommagent Ils dédommagent les propriétaires pour les dommages causés par les locataires. They compensate the landlords for damages caused by the tenants.
elles dédommagent Elles dédommagent les familles des victimes du naufrage. They compensate the families of the victims of the shipwreck.

Other Conjugations for Dédommager.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager  (this article)

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dédommager

   

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Dédommager – About the French L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense

L’impératif Présent is a mood in the French language that is used to give commands, make requests, offer advice, or express a desire in the present tense. It’s a relatively simple tense and is used to address someone directly. Let’s dive into its usage, conjugation, and interactions with other tenses:
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Usage

Giving commands

You use l’impératif présent to give direct commands or orders. It is often used in informal and formal situations to tell someone to do or not do something. For example:

   – Mange ta soupe. (Eat your soup.)
   – Ferme la porte. (Close the door.)

Making requests

You can also use the imperative to make polite requests. In this case, it is a gentler way to ask someone to do something. For example:
  
   – Parle plus lentement, s’il te plaît. (Speak more slowly, please.)

Offering advice

It’s common to use l’impératif to give advice or suggestions:
   – Étudie bien pour ton examen. (Study well for your exam.)

Expressing desires

You can express your desires or wishes using the imperative:
   – Amuse-toi bien à la fête. (Have a good time at the party.)

Conjugation Formation

To form l’impératif présent, you need to use the base form of the verb without the subject pronoun (tu, nous, vous, etc.). The conjugation varies depending on the type of verb:
Regular -ER verbs (e.g., parler)
  – Tu: Parle (speak)
  – Nous: Parlons (let’s speak)
  – Vous: Parlez (speak)
Regular -IR verbs (e.g., finir)
  – Tu: Finis (finish)
  – Nous: Finissons (let’s finish)
  – Vous: Finissez (finish)
Regular -RE verbs (e.g., vendre)
  – Tu: Vends (sell)
  – Nous: Vendons (let’s sell)
  – Vous: Vendez (sell)
Irregular verbs (e.g., être, avoir, aller)
  – Tu: Sois (be), aie (have), va (go)
  – Nous: Soyons (let’s be), ayons (let’s have), allons (let’s go)
  – Vous: Soyez (be), ayez (have), allez (go)

Interactions with other tenses

L’impératif is used exclusively in the present tense and does not interact with other tenses in the same way as indicative or subjunctive moods. 
It’s used for direct commands and requests in the here and now. However, in more formal or written contexts, you might find the imperative used with expressions like “quand tu auras fini” (when you have finished) or “dès que tu seras prêt” (as soon as you are ready), which introduce a future action while maintaining the imperative mood for the main verb.
For example:
– Quand tu auras fini ton travail, viens me voir. (When you have finished your work, come see me.)
In this case, the imperative is used in conjunction with future actions, but it’s still employed for the main verb to convey a sense of directness or immediacy.

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