Introduction to the verb coexister
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The English translation of coexister is “to coexist.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “koh-egzis-tey.”
The word coexister comes from the Latin word “coexistere,” which is a combination of the prefix “co-” meaning “together” and “existere” meaning “to exist.” In everyday French, coexister is used to describe the state of two or more things existing together at the same time.
In the Passé Composé tense, coexister is conjugated with the auxiliary verb “avoir” and the past participle “coexisté.” For example:
- Les deux cultures ont coexisté pendant des siècles. (The two cultures have coexisted for centuries.)
- La nature et l’urbanisation ont coexisté dans cette région. (Nature and urbanization have coexisted in this region.)
- Les différentes religions ont coexisté pacifiquement dans ce pays. (The different religions have peacefully coexisted in this country.)
Overall, coexister is used to describe the peaceful or harmonious coexistence of different entities, whether it be cultures, ideas, or beliefs.
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of coexister
||J’ai coexisté avec eux.
||I coexisted with them.
||Tu as coexisté avec elle.
||You coexisted with her.
||Il a coexisté avec nous.
||He coexisted with us.
||Elle a coexisté avec lui.
||She coexisted with him.
||On a coexisté avec eux.
||We coexisted with them.
||Nous avons coexisté avec elle.
||We coexisted with her.
||Vous avez coexisté avec eux.
||You coexisted with them.
||Ils ont coexisté avec elle.
||They coexisted with her.
||Elles ont coexisté avec lui.
||They coexisted with him.
Other Conjugations for Coexister.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb coexister
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Coexister – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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