Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Introduction to the verb abaisser

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The English translation of the French verb “abaisser” is “to lower” or “to bring down.” The infinitive form “abaisser” is pronounced as [a.be.se].

In terms of language origin, “abaisser” comes from the Old French word “abaissier,” which is derived from the Latin word “bassiare” meaning “to make low.” In everyday French, “abaisser” is commonly used in the Passé Simple (Simple Past) tense to refer to actions that occurred in the past and are now completed.

Here are three simple examples of the usage of “abaisser” in the Passé Simple tense, along with their respective English translations:

  1. J’abaisserai le rideau hier soir. (I lowered the curtain last night.)
  2. Il abaissera les prix pour attirer plus de clients. (He lowered the prices to attract more customers.)
  3. Elle abaissa la vitre de la voiture et salua ses amis. (She lowered the car window and waved goodbye to her friends.)

Note: The Passé Simple tense is primarily used in written French, particularly in literature and formal writing. In spoken French, the Passé Composé tense is more commonly used to express actions in the past.

Table of the Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of abaisser

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
Je abaissai J’abaissai le rideau. I lowered the curtain.
Tu abaissas Tu abaissas la fenêtre. You lowered the window.
Il abaissa Il abaissa la voix. He lowered his voice.
Elle abaissa Elle abaissa la température. She lowered the temperature.
On abaissa On abaissa la barrière. One lowered the barrier.
Nous abaissâmes Nous abaissâmes les lumières. We lowered the lights.
Vous abaissâtes Vous abaissâtes le store. You lowered the blind.
Ils abaissèrent Ils abaissèrent le drapeau. They lowered the flag.
Elles abaissèrent Elles abaissèrent la vitre. They (feminine) lowered the window.

Other Conjugations for Abaisser.

Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser (You’re reading it right now!)

Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abaisser

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Abaisser – About the French Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense

The French Passé Simple, also known as the Simple Past or Preterite, is a past tense used in written French to describe completed actions that took place at a specific point in the past.
It is not commonly used in everyday spoken language, where the Passé Composé is the preferred past tense. The Passé Simple is mainly found in literature, formal writing, and historical contexts. It has a somewhat limited use in modern French, and its conjugation can be complex.  
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see our article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

The Passé Simple is formed by conjugating the verb according to its specific endings for regular and irregular verbs. The endings typically vary based on the verb group (i.e., -er, -ir, or -re). For example:
   – For regular -er verbs (e.g., manger, parler): Remove the -er ending and add appropriate endings, like -ai, -as, -a, -âmes, -âtes, -èrent.
   – For regular -ir verbs (e.g., finir, choisir): Remove the -ir ending and add endings like -is, -is, -it, -îmes, -îtes, -irent.
   – For regular -re verbs (e.g., vendre, attendre): Remove the -re ending and add endings like -is, -is, -it, -îmes, -îtes, -irent.

Usage

Narration

The Passé Simple is commonly used in literature to describe past events in a narrative or storytelling context.

Historical Context

It can be used in historical writing or documents to discuss events that took place in the past.
Formal Writing
In formal or academic writing, especially in essays or reports, you might encounter the Passé Simple.

Interactions with other tenses

Passé Composé

In everyday spoken French, the Passé Composé is the go-to tense for describing completed actions in the past. The Passé Simple is not commonly used in spoken language and is often replaced by the Passé Composé.

Imparfait

While the Passé Simple focuses on completed actions in the past, the Imparfait is used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. They can sometimes be used together to provide a more detailed past narrative. For example, “Il lisait un livre quand il reçut un appel.” (He was reading a book when he received a call).

Conditional and Subjunctive

The Passé Simple can also be found in the conditional and subjunctive moods in formal writing. For instance, “Il faudrait qu’il partît” (He should leave, subjunctive).

Summary

The French Passé Simple is primarily used in formal or literary contexts, and its conjugation can be quite complex. In everyday spoken French, the Passé Composé is the preferred past tense for describing completed actions.

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