Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Introduction to the verb buriner

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The English translation of the French verb “buriner” is “to chisel.” The infinitive form of “buriner” is pronounced as “boo-ree-nay.”

The verb “buriner” is derived from the noun “burin” which means “chisel” in English. It belongs to the first group of regular -er verbs in French.

In everyday French, the Passé Simple tense is rarely used in spoken language. It is mainly found in written or formal contexts, such as literature, historical texts, or formal writing. However, here are three simple examples of the usage of “buriner” in the Passé Simple tense with their respective English translations:

  1. J’ai buriné la pierre pour créer une sculpture. (I chiseled the stone to create a sculpture.)
  2. Il burina avec précision les détails du dessin. (He chiseled the details of the drawing with precision.)
  3. Elle burina son nom sur la surface métallique. (She chiseled her name onto the metal surface.)

Table of the Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of buriner

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
Je burinai J’ai buriné la sculpture. I chiseled the sculpture.
Tu burinas Tu burinas le métal. You chiseled the metal.
Il burina Il burina le bois. He chiseled the wood.
Elle burina Elle burina la pierre. She chiseled the stone.
On burina On burina le marbre. One chiseled the marble.
Nous burinâmes Nous avons buriné le bronze. We chiseled the bronze.
Vous burinâtes Vous avez buriné le cuivre. You chiseled the copper.
Ils burinèrent Ils burinèrent le métal précieux. They chiseled the precious metal.
Elles burinèrent Elles burinèrent l’argent. They (feminine) chiseled the silver.

Other Conjugations for Buriner.

Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner (You’re reading it right now!)

Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb buriner

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Buriner – About the French Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense

The French Passé Simple, also known as the Simple Past or Preterite, is a past tense used in written French to describe completed actions that took place at a specific point in the past.
It is not commonly used in everyday spoken language, where the Passé Composé is the preferred past tense. The Passé Simple is mainly found in literature, formal writing, and historical contexts. It has a somewhat limited use in modern French, and its conjugation can be complex.  
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see our article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

The Passé Simple is formed by conjugating the verb according to its specific endings for regular and irregular verbs. The endings typically vary based on the verb group (i.e., -er, -ir, or -re). For example:
   – For regular -er verbs (e.g., manger, parler): Remove the -er ending and add appropriate endings, like -ai, -as, -a, -âmes, -âtes, -èrent.
   – For regular -ir verbs (e.g., finir, choisir): Remove the -ir ending and add endings like -is, -is, -it, -îmes, -îtes, -irent.
   – For regular -re verbs (e.g., vendre, attendre): Remove the -re ending and add endings like -is, -is, -it, -îmes, -îtes, -irent.

Usage

Narration

The Passé Simple is commonly used in literature to describe past events in a narrative or storytelling context.

Historical Context

It can be used in historical writing or documents to discuss events that took place in the past.
Formal Writing
In formal or academic writing, especially in essays or reports, you might encounter the Passé Simple.

Interactions with other tenses

Passé Composé

In everyday spoken French, the Passé Composé is the go-to tense for describing completed actions in the past. The Passé Simple is not commonly used in spoken language and is often replaced by the Passé Composé.

Imparfait

While the Passé Simple focuses on completed actions in the past, the Imparfait is used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. They can sometimes be used together to provide a more detailed past narrative. For example, “Il lisait un livre quand il reçut un appel.” (He was reading a book when he received a call).

Conditional and Subjunctive

The Passé Simple can also be found in the conditional and subjunctive moods in formal writing. For instance, “Il faudrait qu’il partît” (He should leave, subjunctive).

Summary

The French Passé Simple is primarily used in formal or literary contexts, and its conjugation can be quite complex. In everyday spoken French, the Passé Composé is the preferred past tense for describing completed actions.

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