Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Introduction to the verb gîter

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The English translation of the French verb “gîter” is “to lodge” or “to stay.” The infinitive form of “gîter” is pronounced as [ʒi.te].

The verb “gîter” comes from the Old French word “giste,” which means “shelter” or “place of lodging.” It is most often used in everyday French to refer to the action of staying or lodging somewhere temporarily. In the Passé Simple tense, which is commonly used in written French, “gîter” takes on the following conjugation:

  • Je gîtai (I lodged)
  • Tu gîtas (You lodged)
  • Il/elle/on gîta (He/she/one lodged)
  • Nous gîtâmes (We lodged)
  • Vous gîtâtes (You lodged)
  • Ils/elles gîtèrent (They lodged)

Here are three simple examples of “gîter” in the Passé Simple tense, along with their English translations:

  1. Nous gîtâmes dans un hôtel de luxe pendant nos vacances.
    (We lodged in a luxury hotel during our vacation.)

  2. Il gîta chez son ami pendant quelques jours.
    (He lodged at his friend’s place for a few days.)

  3. Elles gîtèrent dans un petit chalet à la montagne.
    (They lodged in a small chalet in the mountains.)

Table of the Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of gîter

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
Je gîtai Je gîtai dans le lit. I lay in bed.
Tu gîtas Tu gîtas sur le canapé. You lay on the couch.
Il gîta Il gîta dans le hamac. He lay in the hammock.
Elle gîta Elle gîta sur le sol. She lay on the floor.
On gîta On gîta dans la tente. One lay in the tent.
Nous gîtâmes Nous gîtâmes sur la plage. We lay on the beach.
Vous gîtâtes Vous gîtâtes dans le jardin. You lay in the garden.
Ils gîtèrent Ils gîtèrent dans la forêt. They lay in the forest.
Elles gîtèrent Elles gîtèrent sur le lit. They (feminine) lay on the bed.

Other Conjugations for Gîter.

Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter (You’re reading it right now!)

Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gîter

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Gîter – About the French Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense

The French Passé Simple, also known as the Simple Past or Preterite, is a past tense used in written French to describe completed actions that took place at a specific point in the past.
It is not commonly used in everyday spoken language, where the Passé Composé is the preferred past tense. The Passé Simple is mainly found in literature, formal writing, and historical contexts. It has a somewhat limited use in modern French, and its conjugation can be complex.  
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see our article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

The Passé Simple is formed by conjugating the verb according to its specific endings for regular and irregular verbs. The endings typically vary based on the verb group (i.e., -er, -ir, or -re). For example:
   – For regular -er verbs (e.g., manger, parler): Remove the -er ending and add appropriate endings, like -ai, -as, -a, -âmes, -âtes, -èrent.
   – For regular -ir verbs (e.g., finir, choisir): Remove the -ir ending and add endings like -is, -is, -it, -îmes, -îtes, -irent.
   – For regular -re verbs (e.g., vendre, attendre): Remove the -re ending and add endings like -is, -is, -it, -îmes, -îtes, -irent.

Usage

Narration

The Passé Simple is commonly used in literature to describe past events in a narrative or storytelling context.

Historical Context

It can be used in historical writing or documents to discuss events that took place in the past.
Formal Writing
In formal or academic writing, especially in essays or reports, you might encounter the Passé Simple.

Interactions with other tenses

Passé Composé

In everyday spoken French, the Passé Composé is the go-to tense for describing completed actions in the past. The Passé Simple is not commonly used in spoken language and is often replaced by the Passé Composé.

Imparfait

While the Passé Simple focuses on completed actions in the past, the Imparfait is used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. They can sometimes be used together to provide a more detailed past narrative. For example, “Il lisait un livre quand il reçut un appel.” (He was reading a book when he received a call).

Conditional and Subjunctive

The Passé Simple can also be found in the conditional and subjunctive moods in formal writing. For instance, “Il faudrait qu’il partît” (He should leave, subjunctive).

Summary

The French Passé Simple is primarily used in formal or literary contexts, and its conjugation can be quite complex. In everyday spoken French, the Passé Composé is the preferred past tense for describing completed actions.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb gîter. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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