Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer

Introduction to the verb carguer

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The English translation of the French verb carguer is “to load.” It is pronounced as “car-guh-ey.”

The word carguer comes from the Old French word “carguer,” which means “to load a ship.” It is most often used in every day French in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past perfect tense in English. This tense is used to describe an action that was completed before another past action or time.

Three simple examples of using carguer in the Plus-que-parfait tense are:

  1. J’avais déjà cargué le bateau avant que la tempête ne commence. (I had already loaded the boat before the storm began.)

  2. Quand nous sommes arrivés, les marchandises avaient été carguées dans le camion. (When we arrived, the goods had been loaded onto the truck.)

  3. Elle avait oublié de carguer ses valises avant de partir en voyage. (She had forgotten to load her suitcases before leaving on her trip.)

In each of these examples, the action of loading (carguer) occurred before another past action or time. In English, the Plus-que-parfait tense is often translated as “had” followed by the past participle of the verb.

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of carguer

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais cargué J’avais cargué le navire. I had hoisted the ship.
tu tu avais cargué Tu avais cargué la voile. You had hoisted the sail.
il il avait cargué Il avait cargué le canon. He had hoisted the cannon.
elle elle avait cargué Elle avait cargué la grue. She had hoisted the crane.
on on avait cargué On avait cargué le drapeau. One had hoisted the flag.
nous nous avions cargué Nous avions cargué la bannière. We had hoisted the banner.
vous vous aviez cargué Vous aviez cargué le bateau. You had hoisted the boat.
ils ils avaient cargué Ils avaient cargué le bateau. They had hoisted the boat.
elles elles avaient cargué Elles avaient cargué le mât. They had hoisted the mast.

Other Conjugations for Carguer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb carguer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer     (this article)

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carguer

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Carguer – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb carguer. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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