Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder

Introduction to the verb cauchemarder

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The English translation of the French verb cauchemarder is “to have nightmares.” The infinitive form is pronounced “ko-shuh-mar-day.”

The word cauchemarder comes from the French words cauchemar, meaning “nightmare,” and mar, meaning “to bother.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past perfect tense.

Three simple examples of its usage in the Plus-que-parfait tense are:

  1. J’avais cauchemardĂ© toute la nuit. (I had been having nightmares all night.)
  2. Tu avais cauchemardé de ces monstres avant de te réveiller en sursaut. (You had been having nightmares about those monsters before waking up in a panic.)
  3. Elle avait cauchemardé de cet évÚnement pendant des semaines avant de pouvoir en parler. (She had been having nightmares about that event for weeks before being able to talk about it.)

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of cauchemarder

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais cauchemardĂ© J’avais cauchemardĂ© toute la nuit. I had a nightmare all night.
tu tu avais cauchemardé Tu avais cauchemardé de monstre. You had a nightmare of a monster.
il il avait cauchemardé Il avait cauchemardé de tomber. He had a nightmare of falling.
elle elle avait cauchemardé Elle avait cauchemardé de la mort. She had a nightmare of death.
on on avait cauchemardĂ© On avait cauchemardĂ© de l’inconnu. One had a nightmare of the unknown.
nous nous avions cauchemardĂ© Nous avions cauchemardĂ© de l’accident. We had a nightmare of the accident.
vous vous aviez cauchemardé Vous aviez cauchemardé de la guerre. You had a nightmare of war.
ils ils avaient cauchemardé Ils avaient cauchemardé de la fin du monde. They had a nightmare of the end of the world.
elles elles avaient cauchemardé Elles avaient cauchemardé de la violence. They had a nightmare of violence.

Other Conjugations for Cauchemarder.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder
   

    PassĂ© Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder
   

    PassĂ© ComposĂ© (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder     (this article)

    PassĂ© AntĂ©rieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder

    Futur AntĂ©rieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder

    Subjonctif PrĂ©sent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder

    Subjonctif PassĂ© (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder
   

    Conditionnel PrĂ©sent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder
   

    Conditionnel PassĂ© (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder

    L’impĂ©ratif PrĂ©sent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder

    L’infinitif PrĂ©sent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cauchemarder

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Cauchemarder – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “ĂȘtre” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangĂ© (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlĂ© (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient jouĂ© (They had played)
2. With “ĂȘtre” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’Ă©tais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu Ă©tais arrivĂ©(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on Ă©tait tombĂ©(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous Ă©tions restĂ©(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous Ă©tiez nĂ©(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles Ă©taient montĂ©(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangĂ© avant qu’il ne soit arrivĂ©” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivĂ©, ils avaient dĂ©jĂ  fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passĂ© composĂ© (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passĂ© composĂ© describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi diffĂ©remment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb cauchemarder. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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