Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer

Introduction to the verb dépêtrer

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The English translation of the French verb dépêtrer is “to disentangle” or “to untangle”. The infinitive form is pronounced as “day-peh-treh”.

The word “dépêtrer” comes from the Old French word “despetrer”, which means “to set free” or “to loosen”. It is derived from the Latin word “dispetrare”, which has the same meaning.

In everyday French, dépêtrer is most often used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past perfect tense. This tense is used to talk about an action that had already been completed in the past.

Example 1: J’avais dépêtré mes cheveux avant d’aller au travail.
Translation: I had untangled my hair before going to work.

Example 2: Elle avait dépêtré les fils électriques avant de les brancher.
Translation: She had disentangled the electrical wires before plugging them in.

Example 3: Nous avions dépêtré la situation avant qu’il ne soit trop tard.
Translation: We had sorted out the situation before it was too late.

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of dépêtrer

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je m’étais dépêtré Je m’étais dépêtré de cette situation. I had freed myself from this situation.
tu t’étais dépêtré Tu t’étais dépêtré de tes problèmes. You had freed yourself from your problems.
il s’était dépêtré Il s’était dépêtré de ses dettes. He had freed himself from his debts.
elle s’était dépêtrée Elle s’était dépêtrée de son enchevêtrement. She had freed herself from her tangle.
on s’était dépêtré On s’était dépêtré de ses liens. One had freed oneself from their ties.
nous nous étions dépêtrés Nous étions dépêtrés de cette épreuve. We had freed ourselves from this trial.
vous vous étiez dépêtrés Vous étiez dépêtrés de vos conflits. You had freed yourselves from your conflicts.
ils s’étaient dépêtrés Ils s’étaient dépêtrés de leurs chaînes. They had freed themselves from their chains.
elles s’étaient dépêtrées Elles s’étaient dépêtrées de leurs problèmes. They had freed themselves from their problems.

Other Conjugations for Dépêtrer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer     (this article)

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dépêtrer

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Dépêtrer – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

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