Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager

Introduction to the verb désavantager

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The English translation of the French verb désavantager is “to disadvantage.” It is pronounced as “day-zah-vahn-tah-zhay” in its infinitive form.

The word désavantager comes from the prefix dés- (meaning “lack” or “opposite”) and the noun avantage (meaning “advantage”). It is most often used in everyday French to describe a situation where someone or something is put at a disadvantage or does not have the same advantages as others.

In the Plus-que-parfait tense, désavantager is conjugated as “avais désavantagé” for the first person singular form, and as “avions désavantagé” for the first person plural form.

Here are three simple examples of désavantager in the Plus-que-parfait tense with their respective English translations:

  1. J’avais désavantagé mon frère en lui prenant son jouet. (I had put my brother at a disadvantage by taking his toy.)

  2. Nous avions désavantagé notre équipe en arrivant en retard. (We had put our team at a disadvantage by arriving late.)

  3. Tu avais désavantagé notre projet en oubliant de faire les recherches nécessaires. (You had put our project at a disadvantage by forgetting to do the necessary research.)

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of désavantager

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais désavantagé J’avais désavantagé mon frère. I had disadvantaged my brother.
tu tu avais désavantagé Tu avais désavantagé tes amis. You had disadvantaged your friends.
il il avait désavantagé Il avait désavantagé son équipe. He had disadvantaged his team.
elle elle avait désavantagé Elle avait désavantagé sa sœur. She had disadvantaged her sister.
on on avait désavantagé On avait désavantagé notre entreprise. One had disadvantaged our company.
nous nous avions désavantagé Nous avions désavantagé nos adversaires. We had disadvantaged our opponents.
vous vous aviez désavantagé Vous aviez désavantagé votre famille. You had disadvantaged your family.
ils ils avaient désavantagé Ils avaient désavantagé leurs concurrents. They had disadvantaged their competitors.
elles elles avaient désavantagé Elles avaient désavantagé leurs collègues. They had disadvantaged their colleagues.

Other Conjugations for Désavantager.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager     (this article)

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désavantager

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Désavantager – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb désavantager. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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