Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler

Introduction to the verb gesticuler

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The English translation of the French verb gesticuler is “to gesticulate.” It is pronounced as “zhees-tee-kew-lay.”

The word gesticuler comes from the Latin “gesticulus,” meaning “gesture.” It is most often used in everyday French to describe someone who is making exaggerated and expressive hand or body movements while speaking or trying to communicate a point.

In the Plus-que-parfait tense, gesticuler is used to describe an action that had already been completed in the past. Here are three simple examples of its usage in this tense, with their respective English translations:

  1. J’avais gesticulé pendant toute la présentation. (I had gesticulated throughout the entire presentation.)
  2. Tu avais gesticulé pour lui expliquer le plan. (You had gesticulated to explain the plan to him.)
  3. Ils avaient gesticulé avec enthousiasme lorsqu’ils ont remporté le match. (They had gesticulated with enthusiasm when they won the game.)

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of gesticuler

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais gesticulé J’avais gesticulé en parlant. I had gestured while talking.
tu tu avais gesticulé Tu avais gesticulé en conduisant. You had gestured while driving.
il il avait gesticulé Il avait gesticulé en enseignant. He had gestured while teaching.
elle elle avait gesticulé Elle avait gesticulé en dansant. She had gestured while dancing.
on on avait gesticulé On avait gesticulé en riant. One had gestured while laughing.
nous nous avions gesticulé Nous avions gesticulé en jouant. We had gestured while playing.
vous vous aviez gesticulé Vous aviez gesticulé en écrivant. You had gestured while writing.
ils ils avaient gesticulé Ils avaient gesticulé en courant. They had gestured while running.
elles elles avaient gesticulé Elles avaient gesticulé en chantant. They had gestured while singing.

Other Conjugations for Gesticuler.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler     (this article)

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gesticuler

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Gesticuler – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb gesticuler. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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