Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer

Introduction to the verb mesurer

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The English translation of the French verb mesurer is “to measure.” It is pronounced “meh-zuh-ray” in its infinitive form.

Mesurer comes from the Latin word “mensura” meaning “measure.” It is a regular -er verb and is commonly used in everyday French, especially in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which expresses actions that happened before another past action.

Some examples of mesurer in the Plus-que-parfait tense are:

  1. J’avais mesuré le mur avant d’acheter les meubles. (I had measured the wall before buying the furniture.)

  2. Tu avais mesuré la distance entre les deux villes avant de partir en vacances. (You had measured the distance between the two cities before leaving on vacation.)

  3. Ils avaient mesuré leur temps de course avant de participer à la compétition. (They had measured their running time before participating in the competition.)

In these examples, mesurer is used to indicate that the action of measuring was completed before another past action took place. It is often used in conjunction with another past tense verb to show a sequence of events in the past.

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of mesurer

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais mesuré J’avais mesuré la longueur. I had measured the length.
tu tu avais mesuré Tu avais mesuré la hauteur. You had measured the height.
il il avait mesuré Il avait mesuré le poids. He had measured the weight.
elle elle avait mesuré Elle avait mesuré le volume. She had measured the volume.
on on avait mesuré On avait mesuré la température. One had measured the temperature.
nous nous avions mesuré Nous avions mesuré la superficie. We had measured the area.
vous vous aviez mesuré Vous aviez mesuré la distance. You had measured the distance.
ils ils avaient mesuré Ils avaient mesuré la capacité. They had measured the capacity.
elles elles avaient mesuré Elles avaient mesuré la circonférence. They had measured the circumference.

Other Conjugations for Mesurer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer     (this article)

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb mesurer

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Mesurer – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb mesurer. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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