Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer

Introduction to the verb rayer

Get the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) tense conjugation of rayer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!

The English translation of the French verb rayer is “to cross out/to scratch out”. The infinitive form is pronounced “reh-yay”.

The origin of the word “rayer” comes from the Old French word “raser” which means “to scrape, erase, or remove by rubbing”. In everyday French, rayer is most often used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past perfect tense in English. This tense is used to describe an action that had already been completed before another past action.

Here are three simple examples of rayer being used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, with their respective English translations:

  1. J’avais rayé mon nom de la liste avant que tu n’arrives. (I had crossed out my name from the list before you arrived.)
  2. Elle avait rayé les mots offensants dans la lettre avant de l’envoyer. (She had scratched out the offensive words in the letter before sending it.)
  3. Ils avaient rayé le projet de leur liste de tâches parce qu’ils manquaient de temps. (They had crossed out the project from their to-do list because they were running out of time.)

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of rayer

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais rayé J’avais rayé le tableau. I had scratched the board.
tu tu avais rayé Tu avais rayé la carte. You had scratched the map.
il il avait rayé Il avait rayé la voiture. He had scratched the car.
elle elle avait rayé Elle avait rayé la table. She had scratched the table.
on on avait rayé On avait rayé le mur. One had scratched the wall.
nous nous avions rayé Nous avions rayé les photos. We had scratched the photos.
vous vous aviez rayé Vous aviez rayé le sol. You had scratched the floor.
ils ils avaient rayé Ils avaient rayé le verre. They had scratched the glass.
elles elles avaient rayé Elles avaient rayé la porte. They had scratched the door.

Other Conjugations for Rayer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb rayer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer     (this article)

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb rayer

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

Get a FREE Download Study Sheet of this Conjugation 🔥

Simply right click the image below, click “save image” and get your free reference for the rayer Plus-que-parfait tense conjugation!

Rayer – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb rayer. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

Similar Posts