Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler

Introduction to the verb refiler

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The English translation of the French verb refiler is “to pass on” or “to hand over.” It is pronounced “ruh-fee-lay.”

Refiler comes from the Old French word “refiler,” which means “to sift.” Its most common usage in modern French is in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past perfect tense.

Examples:

  1. J’avais refilé mon vieux vélo à mon petit frère. (I had passed on my old bike to my little brother.)

  2. Elle lui avait refilé son rhume la semaine dernière. (She had passed on her cold to him last week.)

  3. Nous avions refilé notre billet de concert à un ami. (We had passed on our concert ticket to a friend.)

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of refiler

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais refilé J’avais refilé ma grippe à mon ami. I had passed on my flu to my friend.
tu tu avais refilé Tu avais refilé le sac à ta sœur. You had passed on the bag to your sister.
il il avait refilé Il avait refilé le livre à sa copine. He had passed on the book to his girlfriend.
elle elle avait refilé Elle avait refilé le collier à sa fille. She had passed on the necklace to her daughter.
on on avait refilé On avait refilé la maladie à toute la famille. One had passed on the illness to the whole family.
nous nous avions refilé Nous avions refilé nos vêtements à une association. We had passed on our clothes to an organization.
vous vous aviez refilé Vous aviez refilé vos billets à des amis. You had passed on your tickets to friends.
ils ils avaient refilé Ils avaient refilé leur voiture à leur fils. They had passed on their car to their son.
elles elles avaient refilé Elles avaient refilé leur secret à leur famille. They had passed on their secret to their family.

Other Conjugations for Refiler.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb refiler
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler     (this article)

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb refiler

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Refiler – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangé (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlé (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient joué (They had played)
2. With “être” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’étais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu étais arrivé(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on était tombé(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous étions resté(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous étiez né(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles étaient monté(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangé avant qu’il ne soit arrivé” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivé, ils avaient déjà fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passé composé (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passé composé describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi différemment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

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