Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher

Introduction to the verb amocher

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The English translation of the French verb amocher is “to damage” or “to spoil”. It is pronounced “ah-moh-shay”.

Amocher comes from the French word “mocher” which means “to make dirty or ugly”. It is believed to have originated from the old German word “mokken” which means “to make dirty or soil”.

In everyday French, amocher is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past. This tense is often used in conjunction with the word “si” (if) to introduce a conditional clause.

Three simple examples of amocher used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense are:

  1. Si tu amochais ta robe, tu ne pourrais pas la porter à la fête. (If you were to damage your dress, you wouldn’t be able to wear it to the party.)
  2. J’avais peur qu’elle amochât mon nouveau téléphone. (I was afraid she would damage my new phone.)
  3. Ils craignaient que la tempête n’amochât leur maison. (They were afraid the storm would damage their house.)

Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of amocher

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je amochasse Je serais déçu si je amochasse la voiture. I would be disappointed if I damaged the car.
tu amochasses Si tu amochasses moins, tu aurais plus d’argent. If you damaged less, you would have more money.
il amochât Il serait en colère si il amochât ses vêtements. He would be angry if he damaged his clothes.
elle amochât Elle serait triste si elle amochât son téléphone. She would be sad if she damaged her phone.
on amochât Si on amochât tout ce qu’on achète, on serait toujours en train d’acheter. If one damaged everything one buys, one would always be shopping.
nous amochassions Si nous amochassions la maison, nous devrions la réparer. If we damaged the house, we would have to repair it.
vous amochassiez Si vous amochassiez vos meubles, vous devriez les remplacer. If you damaged your furniture, you would have to replace it.
ils amochassent S’ils amochassent le jardin, je serais déçu. If they damaged the garden, I would be disappointed.
elles amochassent Si elles amochassent leurs vêtements, il ferait froid. If they damaged their clothes, it would be cold.

Other Conjugations for Amocher.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher (this article)

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb amocher

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Amocher – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:

– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.

Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)

2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.

Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)

3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.

Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Subjonctif Présent

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.

Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)

Indicatif Passé Composé

The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.

Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)

Conditional

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)

Conditional Perfect

It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.

Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb amocher. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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