Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber

Introduction to the verb cacaber

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The English translation of the French verb cacaber is “to defecate.” It is pronounced as “kah-kah-bay.”

Cacaber comes from the Latin word “cacare,” which also means “to defecate.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which expresses a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.

Here are three simple examples of its usage in this tense, with the respective English translations:

  1. Il fallait que j’aille cacaber avant le dîner. (I had to go defecate before dinner.)
  2. Je doutais qu’il cacabât dans la cour. (I doubted that he was defecating in the courtyard.)
  3. Il était possible que les chiens cacabassent dans le jardin. (It was possible that the dogs were defecating in the garden.)

Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of cacaber

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je cacabasse Je ne pense pas que je cacabasse beaucoup. I don’t think I would poop a lot.
tu cacabasses Si tu mangeais plus de fibres, tu cacabasses moins. If you ate more fiber, you would poop less.
il cacabât Il serait content si il cacabât tous les matins. He would be happy if he pooped every morning.
elle cacabât Elle aurait mal au ventre si elle cacabât trop. She would have a stomachache if she pooped too much.
on cacabât Si on cacabât régulièrement, on serait en bonne santé. If one pooped regularly, one would be healthy.
nous cacabassions Si nous cacabassions tous ensemble, ça serait drôle. If we all pooped together, it would be funny.
vous cacabassiez Si vous cacabassiez au lit, ça serait gênant. If you pooped in bed, it would be embarrassing.
ils cacabassent S’ils cacabassent trop, ils auront des problèmes de santé. If they poop too much, they will have health problems.
elles cacabassent Si elles cacabassent plus vite, elles finiraient plus tôt. If they pooped faster, they would finish sooner.

Other Conjugations for Cacaber.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber (this article)

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cacaber

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Cacaber – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:

– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.

Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)

2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.

Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)

3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.

Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Subjonctif Présent

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.

Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)

Indicatif Passé Composé

The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.

Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)

Conditional

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)

Conditional Perfect

It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.

Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb cacaber. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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