Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter

Introduction to the verb capter

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The English translation of the French verb capter is “to capture” or “to understand.” The infinitive form, capter, is pronounced as “kaptay.”

Capter comes from the Latin word captare, meaning “to grasp” or “to catch.” It is most commonly used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which is used to express actions that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on another action.

Here are three simple examples of capter in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense:

  1. Il fallait que je capte le sens de l’histoire.
    Translation: I needed to understand the meaning of the story.

  2. J’aurais aimé que tu captes mes sentiments.
    Translation: I wish you could understand my feelings.

  3. Il était important que nous captions leur attention.
    Translation: It was important that we capture their attention.

Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of capter

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je captasse Il serait mieux si je captasse bien l’exposition. It would be better if I understood the exhibition well.
tu captasses Si tu captasses l’attention du public, tu réussirais. If you captured the audience’s attention, you would succeed.
il captât Il serait content si il captât les propos de la conférence. He would be happy if he captured the conference’s remarks.
elle captât Elle serait étonnée si elle captât l’émission en direct. She would be amazed if she captured the live broadcast.
on captât Si on captât les images avec une bonne caméra, on aurait de meilleurs souvenirs. If one captured images with a good camera, one would have better memories.
nous captaissions Si nous captaissions les signaux, nous pourrions communiquer. If we captured the signals, we could communicate.
vous captassiez Si vous captassiez l’importance de l’événement, vous y assisteriez. If you captured the importance of the event, you would attend.
ils captassent S’ils captassent la beauté de la nature, ils prendraient plus de photos. If they captured the beauty of nature, they would take more photos.
elles captassent Si elles captassent les émotions des gens, elles seraient de bonnes actrices. If they captured people’s emotions, they would be good actresses.

Other Conjugations for Capter.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter (this article)

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capter

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Capter – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:

– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.

Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)

2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.

Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)

3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.

Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Subjonctif Présent

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.

Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)

Indicatif Passé Composé

The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.

Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)

Conditional

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)

Conditional Perfect

It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.

Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb capter. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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