Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer

Introduction to the verb changer

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The English translation of the French verb changer is “to change.” It is pronounced “shahn-zhay.”

The word changer comes from the Latin verb cambire, meaning “to exchange.” In everyday French, changer is used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past. This tense is used in situations where the outcome of the action is uncertain.

Examples:

  1. Il fallait que je change de travail. (I needed to change jobs.)

  2. Je voulais qu’il change d’avis. (I wanted him to change his mind.)

  3. Elle souhaitait que nous changions de destination. (She wished for us to change our destination.)

  4. I had to change jobs.

  5. I wanted him to change his mind.

  6. She wished for us to change our destination.

Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of changer

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je changeasse Pour être riche, il faudrait que je changeasse mes habitudes. To be rich, I would have to change my habits.
tu changeasses Si tu pouvais, tu changeasses le monde. If you could, you would change the world.
il changeât Il serait mieux si il changeât son attitude. It would be better if he changed his attitude.
elle changeât Elle serait contente si elle changeât son apparence. She would be happy if she changed her appearance.
on changeât Si on changeât de stratégie, on pourrait réussir. If one changed strategy, one could succeed.
nous changeassions Si nous changeassions d’avis, nous pourrions être d’accord. If we changed our minds, we could agree.
vous changeassiez Si vous changeassiez de travail, vous seriez plus heureux. If you changed jobs, you would be happier.
ils changeassent S’ils changeassent de route, ils arriveraient plus vite. If they changed roads, they would arrive faster.
elles changeassent Si elles changeassent d’avis, elles seraient plus ouvertes. If they changed their minds, they would be more open.

Other Conjugations for Changer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer (this article)

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb changer

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Changer – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:

– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.

Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)

2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.

Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)

3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.

Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Subjonctif Présent

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.

Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)

Indicatif Passé Composé

The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.

Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)

Conditional

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)

Conditional Perfect

It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.

Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb changer. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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