Introduction to the verb discriminer
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of discriminer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb discriminer is “to discriminate.” It is pronounced “dee-skree-mee-nay.”
The word “discriminer” comes from the Latin word “discriminare,” which means “to distinguish.” It entered the French language in the 15th century and originally meant “to make distinctions” or “to differentiate.” Today, it is most commonly used to refer to the act of treating someone unfairly or differently based on their race, gender, religion, or other characteristics.
In the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, discriminer is used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action or state in the past. It is often used in conjunction with the word “si” (if) to express a condition.
Three simple examples of its usage in this tense are:
- Si je discriminais quelqu’un, je me sentirais coupable. (If I were to discriminate against someone, I would feel guilty.)
- Il était important que nous ne discriminassions pas nos collègues en raison de leur orientation sexuelle. (It was important that we did not discriminate against our colleagues based on their sexual orientation.)
- Je souhaitais que mes enfants ne soient pas discriminés à l’école à cause de leur couleur de peau. (I wished for my children not to be discriminated against at school because of their skin color.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of discriminer
||Si j’étais témoin, je discriminasse les coupables.
||If I were a witness, I would discriminate against the guilty.
||Si tu avais des preuves, tu discriminasses les suspects.
||If you had evidence, you would discriminate against the suspects.
||Il serait juste que’il discriminât les personnes en fonction de leur compétence.
||It would be fair for him to discriminate against people based on their competence.
||Elle pourrait se sentir coupable si elle discriminât les minorités.
||She might feel guilty if she discriminated against minorities.
||Si on discriminât moins, on vivrait en harmonie.
||If one discriminated less, one would live in harmony.
||Si nous discriminassions avec discernement, nous serions justes.
||If we discriminated with discernment, we would be fair.
||Si vous discriminassiez moins, vous seriez plus tolérants.
||If you discriminated less, you would be more tolerant.
||S’ils ne discriminassent pas, il n’y aurait pas de racisme.
||If they did not discriminate, there would be no racism.
||Si elles discriminassent les minorités, ça serait injuste.
||If they discriminated against minorities, it would be unfair.
Other Conjugations for Discriminer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb discriminer
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Discriminer – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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