Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder

Introduction to the verb emmerder

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The English translation of the French verb emmerder is “to annoy/bother”. The infinitive form, “emmerder”, is pronounced as [ɑ̃mɛʁde].

The origin of the verb emmerder can be traced back to the Old French word “emerder”, which comes from the Latin word “inmeritare” meaning “to deserve”. Over time, the word took on a more negative connotation and came to mean “to bother” or “to annoy” in modern French.

In everyday French, emmerder is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a potential or hypothetical situation.

Here are three examples of emmerder being used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense:

  1. J’aimerais que tu ne m’emmerdes pas pendant que je travaille. (I wish you wouldn’t bother me while I’m working.)
  2. Il fallait qu’elle n’ait pas une autre personne pour l’emmerder. (She had to not have another person annoying her.)
  3. Nous voulions que ça ne nous emmerde pas autant. (We wanted it to not bother us as much.)

Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of emmerder

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je emmerdasse Mon patron serait content si je n’emmerdasse pas tout le temps. My boss would be happy if I didn’t annoy him all the time.
tu emmerdasses Tu serais plus heureux si tu n’emmerdasses pas ta famille. You would be happier if you didn’t bother your family.
il emmerdât Il serait plus tranquille si il n’emmerdât pas les autres. He would be calmer if he didn’t annoy others.
elle emmerdât Elle serait plus concentrée si elle n’emmerdât pas tout le monde. She would be more focused if she didn’t bother everyone.
on emmerdât Si on n’emmerdât pas les voisins, ils seraient plus gentils. If one didn’t bother the neighbors, they would be nicer.
nous emmerdassions Si nous n’emmerdassions pas, nous aurions plus d’amis. If we didn’t bother, we would have more friends.
vous emmerdassiez Si vous n’emmerdassiez pas, vous seriez plus aimables. If you didn’t bother, you would be more likeable.
ils emmerdassent S’ils n’emmerdassent pas tout le monde, ils seraient plus acceptés. If they didn’t bother everyone, they would be more accepted.
elles emmerdassent Si elles n’emmerdassent pas leurs enfants, ils seraient plus calmes. If they didn’t bother their children, they would be calmer.

Other Conjugations for Emmerder.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder (this article)

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emmerder

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Emmerder – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:

– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.

Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)

2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.

Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)

3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.

Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Subjonctif Présent

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.

Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)

Indicatif Passé Composé

The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.

Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)

Conditional

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)

Conditional Perfect

It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.

Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.

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