Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher

Introduction to the verb empanacher

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The English translation of the French verb empanacher is “to plume” or “to feather.” It is pronounced as “ahm-pah-nah-shay” in the infinitive form.

Empanacher comes from the French noun “panache,” which means “plume” or “feather.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past. It is also used to convey a sense of doubt, desire, or regret.

Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, with their respective English translations:

  1. Il fallait que je m’empanachasse pour ressembler à un vrai guerrier. (I needed to feather myself to look like a real warrior.)

  2. Elle aurait préféré que tu t’empanaches avant de partir à la fête. (She would have preferred if you had feathered yourself before going to the party.)

  3. Il regrettait qu’elle ne se soit pas empanachée pour leur rendez-vous. (He regretted that she had not plumed herself for their date.)

Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of empanacher

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je empanachasse Je serais heureux si j’ empanachasse mon chapeau. I would be happy if I feathered my hat.
tu empanachasses Si tu étais plus expérimenté, tu empanachasses ton chapeau. If you were more experienced, you would feather your hat.
il empanachât Il serait fier si il empanachât son chapeau avec des plumes. He would be proud if he feathered his hat with feathers.
elle empanachât Elle serait élégante si elle empanachât son chapeau. She would be elegant if she feathered her hat.
on empanachât Si on empanachât un chapeau, ça serait beau. If one feathered a hat, it would be beautiful.
nous empanachassions Si nous empanachassions nos chapeaux, nous serions originaux. If we feathered our hats, we would be original.
vous empanachassiez Si vous empanachassiez vos chapeaux, vous seriez chics. If you feathered your hats, you would be stylish.
ils empanachassent S’ils empanachassent leur chapeaux, ils seraient élégants. If they feathered their hats, they would be elegant.
elles empanachassent Si elles empanachassent leurs chapeaux, elles seraient originales. If they feathered their hats, they would be original.

Other Conjugations for Empanacher.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher (this article)

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb empanacher

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Empanacher – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:

– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.

Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)

2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.

Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)

3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.

Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Subjonctif Présent

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.

Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)

Indicatif Passé Composé

The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.

Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)

Conditional

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)

Conditional Perfect

It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.

Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.

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