Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer

Introduction to the verb emparquer

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The English translation of the French verb emparquer is “to embark” or “to get on board.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “ahm-pahr-ker.”

The word “emparquer” comes from the French words “en” (in) and “parque” (park or enclosure), and it originally referred to loading goods onto a ship or carriage. Nowadays, it is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which expresses a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.

Here are three simple examples of how emparquer is used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense:

  1. Il fallait que nous embarquassions avant le coucher du soleil. (We had to embark before sunset.)
  2. Je craignais qu’ils n’embarquassent sans moi. (I was afraid they would embark without me.)
  3. Les passagers auraient aimé que le bateau n’embarquât pas avec du retard. (The passengers would have liked the boat not to embark late.)

In these sentences, you can see that “embarquer” is conjugated in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, with the subject pronouns nous, ils/elles, and the auxiliary verb avoir or être in the Imparfait tense. It is often used in a formal or literary context to express a past action that was uncertain or desired.

Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of emparquer

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je empârquasse Si je partisse demain, j’empârquasse à l’aube. If I left tomorrow, I would embark at dawn.
tu empârquasses Si tu avais le choix, tu empârquasses sur un grand bateau. If you had the choice, you would embark on a big boat.
il empârquât Il serait heureux si il empârquât avec ses amis. He would be happy if he embarked with his friends.
elle empârquât Elle serait nerveuse si elle empârquât seule. She would be nervous if she embarked alone.
on empârquât Si on empârquât tous ensemble, ce serait amusant. If we all embarked together, it would be fun.
nous empârquassions Si nous empârquassions à temps, nous ne manquerions pas le bateau. If we embarked on time, we wouldn’t miss the boat.
vous empârquassiez Si vous empârquassiez plus tôt, vous auriez plus de temps pour explorer. If you embarked earlier, you would have more time to explore.
ils empârquassent S’ils empârquassent aujourd’hui, ils arriveraient demain. If they embarked today, they would arrive tomorrow.
elles empârquassent Si elles empârquassent toutes, le bateau serait plein. If they all embarked, the boat would be full.

Other Conjugations for Emparquer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer (this article)

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb emparquer

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Emparquer – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:

– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.

Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)

2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.

Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)

3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.

Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Subjonctif Présent

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.

Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)

Indicatif Passé Composé

The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.

Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)

Conditional

The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.

Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)

Conditional Perfect

It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.

Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.

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