Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser

Introduction to the verb cautériser

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The English translation of the French verb cautériser is “to cauterize”. It is pronounced as “koh-teh-ree-zay” in the infinitive form.

The word cautériser comes from the Latin word “cauterium”, which means “iron for branding or cauterizing”. In French, it is most often used as a medical term referring to the process of burning or searing a wound or tissue in order to stop bleeding or close a wound. It can also be used in a figurative sense to mean “to destroy or seal off something in a dramatic or drastic way”.

In everyday French, the verb cautériser is most often used in the Subjonctif Passé tense to express a hypothetical or uncertain action that took place in the past. It is formed by conjugating the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” in the Subjonctif Présent tense and adding the past participle of cautériser.

Here are three examples of cautériser in the Subjonctif Passé tense with their English translations:

  1. Il faut que j’aie cautérisé la plaie avant qu’elle ne s’infecte. (I must have cauterized the wound before it got infected.)
  2. Je doute qu’il ait cautérisé ses blessures lui-même. (I doubt he cauterized his wounds by himself.)
  3. Il est possible que le médecin ait cautérisé cette tumeur afin de l’empêcher de s’étendre. (It is possible that the doctor cauterized this tumor to prevent it from spreading.)

Table of the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of cautériser

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je aie cautérisé Je veux que j’aie cautérisé la blessure. I want to have cauterized the wound.
tu aies cautérisé Il est possible que tu aies cautérisé la plaie. It’s possible you cauterized the wound.
il ait cautérisé Il faut qu’il ait cautérisé la blessure. He must have cauterized the wound.
elle ait cautérisé Elle préfère qu’elle ait cautérisé la brûlure. She prefers she cauterized the burn.
on ait cautérisé On suggère qu’on ait cautérisé la plaie. We suggest we cauterized the wound.
nous ayons cautérisé Nous espérons que nous ayons cautérisé la blessure. Let’s hope we cauterized the wound.
vous ayez cautérisé Il est important que vous ayez cautérisé la plaie. It’s important that you cauterized the wound.
ils aient cautérisé Ils veulent qu’ils aient cautérisé la blessure. They want to have cauterized the wound.
elles aient cautérisé Elles sont soulagées d’avoir cautérisé la brûlure. They are relieved to have cauterized the burn.

Other Conjugations for Cautériser.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser     (this article)

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cautériser

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Cautériser – About the French Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense

The French Subjonctif Passé is a verb tense used to express actions or states that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on some condition in the past. It’s often used in conjunction with the main verb in the present or future tense to convey various nuances of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Subjonctif Passé

To form the Subjonctif Passé, you generally need to start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the passé composé (a compound past tense). Then, drop the subject and replace it with the appropriate Subjonctif endings. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs:

   – For -er verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
   – For -ir verbs: -isse, -isses, -ît, -issions, -issiez, -issent
   – For -re verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent

For example, if you have the verb “parler” (to speak) in the third person plural passé composé, which is “ils ont parlé” (they spoke), the Subjonctif Passé form would be “qu’ils aient parlé” (that they spoke).

Everyday Usage Patterns

The Subjonctif Passé is commonly used in various situations:

– Expressing doubt or uncertainty: It’s used when you’re not certain about the completion of an action in the past. For example, “Je doute qu’il ait mangé” (I doubt that he ate).

– Desires and preferences: When you want or wish for something to have happened in the past. For instance, “Je préfère que tu aies réussi” (I prefer that you have succeeded).

– Expressing emotions: To convey emotions or feelings related to past actions or events. For example, “Il est content que nous ayons gagné” (He is happy that we won).

– Hypothetical situations: When discussing hypothetical or unreal past situations. For example, “Si j’avais su, j’aurais souhaité qu’ils aient été là” (If I had known, I would have wished they had been there).

Interactions with Other Tenses

The Subjonctif Passé often interacts with other tenses to convey specific meanings:

Present tense

It’s commonly used after expressions of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion in the present. For example, “Il faut que tu aies fini” (You must have finished).

Future tense

It’s used in the future for hypothetical or unreal actions in the past when the main clause is in the future. For example, “Je douterai qu’ils aient terminé demain” (I will doubt that they have finished tomorrow).

Conditional

When the main clause is in the conditional, the Subjonctif Passé can be used to express unreal or hypothetical actions in the past. For instance, “Il voudrait que nous ayons réussi” (He would like us to have succeeded).

Summary

The Subjonctif Passé is a versatile tense used in French to convey uncertainty, doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations related to past actions. It is used in various everyday contexts and interacts with other tenses to express specific nuances in the language.

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