Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter

Introduction to the verb cogiter

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The English translation of the French verb cogiter is “to think deeply” or “to ponder.” It is pronounced as “ko-zhee-tay” in its infinitive form.

The origin of the word cogiter comes from the Latin word “cogitare,” which means “to think.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Passé tense, which is a verb form used to express actions or events that are uncertain or hypothetical in the past.

Examples of cogiter in the Subjonctif Passé tense in everyday French are:

  1. J’ai peur qu’il n’ait pas assez cogité avant de prendre cette décision. (I’m afraid he didn’t think deeply enough before making this decision.)

  2. Il se peut qu’elle ait cogité toute la nuit avant de trouver la solution. (She may have pondered all night before finding the solution.)

  3. Nous doutons qu’ils aient vraiment cogité sur leur avenir. (We doubt that they really thought deeply about their future.)

Table of the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of cogiter

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je aie cogité Je pense que j’aie cogité. I think I cogitated.
tu aies cogité Tu doutes que tu aies cogité. You doubt you cogitated.
il ait cogité Il craint qu’il ait cogité. He fears he cogitated.
elle ait cogité Elle préfère qu’elle ait cogité. She prefers she cogitated.
on ait cogité On veut qu’on ait cogité. We want it to have been cogitated.
nous ayons cogité Nous espérons que nous ayons cogité. Let’s hope we cogitated.
vous ayez cogité Vous êtes certain que vous ayez cogité. You are certain you cogitated.
ils aient cogité Ils doutent qu’ils aient cogité. They doubt they cogitated.
elles aient cogité Elles sont convaincues qu’elles aient cogité. They are convinced they cogitated.

Other Conjugations for Cogiter.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter     (this article)

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cogiter

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Cogiter – About the French Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense

The French Subjonctif Passé is a verb tense used to express actions or states that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on some condition in the past. It’s often used in conjunction with the main verb in the present or future tense to convey various nuances of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Subjonctif Passé

To form the Subjonctif Passé, you generally need to start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the passé composé (a compound past tense). Then, drop the subject and replace it with the appropriate Subjonctif endings. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs:

   – For -er verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
   – For -ir verbs: -isse, -isses, -ît, -issions, -issiez, -issent
   – For -re verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent

For example, if you have the verb “parler” (to speak) in the third person plural passé composé, which is “ils ont parlé” (they spoke), the Subjonctif Passé form would be “qu’ils aient parlé” (that they spoke).

Everyday Usage Patterns

The Subjonctif Passé is commonly used in various situations:

– Expressing doubt or uncertainty: It’s used when you’re not certain about the completion of an action in the past. For example, “Je doute qu’il ait mangé” (I doubt that he ate).

– Desires and preferences: When you want or wish for something to have happened in the past. For instance, “Je préfère que tu aies réussi” (I prefer that you have succeeded).

– Expressing emotions: To convey emotions or feelings related to past actions or events. For example, “Il est content que nous ayons gagné” (He is happy that we won).

– Hypothetical situations: When discussing hypothetical or unreal past situations. For example, “Si j’avais su, j’aurais souhaité qu’ils aient été là” (If I had known, I would have wished they had been there).

Interactions with Other Tenses

The Subjonctif Passé often interacts with other tenses to convey specific meanings:

Present tense

It’s commonly used after expressions of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion in the present. For example, “Il faut que tu aies fini” (You must have finished).

Future tense

It’s used in the future for hypothetical or unreal actions in the past when the main clause is in the future. For example, “Je douterai qu’ils aient terminé demain” (I will doubt that they have finished tomorrow).

Conditional

When the main clause is in the conditional, the Subjonctif Passé can be used to express unreal or hypothetical actions in the past. For instance, “Il voudrait que nous ayons réussi” (He would like us to have succeeded).

Summary

The Subjonctif Passé is a versatile tense used in French to convey uncertainty, doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations related to past actions. It is used in various everyday contexts and interacts with other tenses to express specific nuances in the language.

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