Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier

Introduction to the verb copier

Get the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) tense conjugation of copier. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!

The English translation of the French verb copier is “to copy.” The infinitive form of the verb is pronounced “koh-pee-ay.”

The language origin of copier can be traced back to the Latin word “copiare,” meaning “to transcribe.” In modern French, it is most often used in everyday language to refer to the action of making a copy of something, whether it is written, drawn, or recorded.

In the Subjonctif Passé tense, copier is used to express a past action that may or may not have occurred, or that the speaker is uncertain about. Here are three simple examples of its usage in this tense, with the respective English translations:

  1. Il est possible que j’aie copié ton travail sans le savoir. (It is possible that I copied your work without knowing it.)
  2. J’aurais aimé que tu aies copié mes notes pour l’examen. (I would have liked for you to have copied my notes for the exam.)
  3. Nous aurions préféré que vous ayez copié le rapport avant la réunion. (We would have preferred for you to have copied the report before the meeting.)

Table of the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of copier

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je aie copié Je doute que j’aie copié. I doubt that I copied.
tu aies copié Il faut que tu aies copié. You must have copied.
il ait copié Il est possible qu’il ait copié. It’s possible he copied.
elle ait copié Elle craint qu’elle ait copié. She fears she copied.
on ait copié On veut qu’on ait copié. We want it to have been copied.
nous ayons copié Espérons que nous ayons copié. Let’s hope we copied.
vous ayez copié Il est important que vous ayez copié. It’s important that you copied.
ils aient copié Ils doutent qu’ils aient copié. They doubt they copied.
elles aient copié Elles préfèrent qu’elles aient copié. They prefer they copied.

Other Conjugations for Copier.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb copier
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier     (this article)

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copier

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

Get a FREE Download Study Sheet of this Conjugation 🔥

Simply right click the image below, click “save image” and get your free reference for the copier Subjonctif Passé tense conjugation!

Copier – About the French Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense

The French Subjonctif Passé is a verb tense used to express actions or states that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on some condition in the past. It’s often used in conjunction with the main verb in the present or future tense to convey various nuances of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Subjonctif Passé

To form the Subjonctif Passé, you generally need to start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the passé composé (a compound past tense). Then, drop the subject and replace it with the appropriate Subjonctif endings. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs:

   – For -er verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
   – For -ir verbs: -isse, -isses, -ît, -issions, -issiez, -issent
   – For -re verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent

For example, if you have the verb “parler” (to speak) in the third person plural passé composé, which is “ils ont parlé” (they spoke), the Subjonctif Passé form would be “qu’ils aient parlé” (that they spoke).

Everyday Usage Patterns

The Subjonctif Passé is commonly used in various situations:

– Expressing doubt or uncertainty: It’s used when you’re not certain about the completion of an action in the past. For example, “Je doute qu’il ait mangé” (I doubt that he ate).

– Desires and preferences: When you want or wish for something to have happened in the past. For instance, “Je préfère que tu aies réussi” (I prefer that you have succeeded).

– Expressing emotions: To convey emotions or feelings related to past actions or events. For example, “Il est content que nous ayons gagné” (He is happy that we won).

– Hypothetical situations: When discussing hypothetical or unreal past situations. For example, “Si j’avais su, j’aurais souhaité qu’ils aient été là” (If I had known, I would have wished they had been there).

Interactions with Other Tenses

The Subjonctif Passé often interacts with other tenses to convey specific meanings:

Present tense

It’s commonly used after expressions of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion in the present. For example, “Il faut que tu aies fini” (You must have finished).

Future tense

It’s used in the future for hypothetical or unreal actions in the past when the main clause is in the future. For example, “Je douterai qu’ils aient terminé demain” (I will doubt that they have finished tomorrow).

Conditional

When the main clause is in the conditional, the Subjonctif Passé can be used to express unreal or hypothetical actions in the past. For instance, “Il voudrait que nous ayons réussi” (He would like us to have succeeded).

Summary

The Subjonctif Passé is a versatile tense used in French to convey uncertainty, doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations related to past actions. It is used in various everyday contexts and interacts with other tenses to express specific nuances in the language.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb copier. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

Similar Posts