Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer

Introduction to the verb désaccoutumer

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The English translation of the French verb désaccoutumer is “to disaccustom” or “to unaccustom”. It is pronounced “day-zah-koo-too-may”.

The word désaccoutumer comes from the French word “accoutumer”, which means “to accustom”. The prefix “dés-” adds a negative connotation, so désaccoutumer means to break a habit or to become unaccustomed to something.

In everyday French, désaccoutumer is most often used in the Subjonctif Passé tense, which expresses an action that is uncertain or hypothetical and has already happened.

Here are three examples of désaccoutumer in the Subjonctif Passé tense:

  1. Il est dommage qu’ils se soient désaccoutumés de leur langue maternelle.
    Translation: It’s a shame that they have become unaccustomed to their native language.

  2. Elle est surprise que tu te sois désaccoutumé de ton ancien emploi si rapidement.
    Translation: She is surprised that you have become unaccustomed to your old job so quickly.

  3. Nous cherchions une personne qui se fût désaccoutumée du bruit de la ville.
    Translation: We were looking for someone who had become unaccustomed to the noise of the city.

In these examples, désaccoutumer is used to express a change in habit or a loss of familiarity. It is often used in a negative or regretful context, as in the first two examples.

Table of the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of désaccoutumer

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je me sois désaccoutumé(e) Il faut que je me sois désaccoutumé(e). I must have become unaccustomed.
tu te sois désaccoutumé(e) Tu aimerais que tu te sois désaccoutumé(e). You wish you had become unaccustomed.
il se soit désaccoutumé Il est possible que tu se soit désaccoutumé(e). It’s possible you had become unaccustomed.
elle se soit désaccoutumée Elle se demande si elle se soit désaccoutumée. She wonders if she had become unaccustomed.
on se soit désaccoutumé On veut qu’on se soit désaccoutumé. We want to have become unaccustomed.
nous nous soyons désaccoutumés Nous sommes heureux que nous nous soyons désaccoutumés. We’re happy that we had become unaccustomed.
vous vous soyez désaccoutumés Il est important que vous vous soyez désaccoutumés. It’s important that you had become unaccustomed.
ils se soient désaccoutumés Ils espèrent que se soient désaccoutumés. They hope they had become unaccustomed.
elles se soient désaccoutumées Elles craignent que se soient désaccoutumées. They fear they had become unaccustomed.

Other Conjugations for Désaccoutumer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer     (this article)

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désaccoutumer

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Désaccoutumer – About the French Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense

The French Subjonctif Passé is a verb tense used to express actions or states that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on some condition in the past. It’s often used in conjunction with the main verb in the present or future tense to convey various nuances of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Subjonctif Passé

To form the Subjonctif Passé, you generally need to start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the passé composé (a compound past tense). Then, drop the subject and replace it with the appropriate Subjonctif endings. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs:

   – For -er verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
   – For -ir verbs: -isse, -isses, -ît, -issions, -issiez, -issent
   – For -re verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent

For example, if you have the verb “parler” (to speak) in the third person plural passé composé, which is “ils ont parlé” (they spoke), the Subjonctif Passé form would be “qu’ils aient parlé” (that they spoke).

Everyday Usage Patterns

The Subjonctif Passé is commonly used in various situations:

– Expressing doubt or uncertainty: It’s used when you’re not certain about the completion of an action in the past. For example, “Je doute qu’il ait mangé” (I doubt that he ate).

– Desires and preferences: When you want or wish for something to have happened in the past. For instance, “Je préfère que tu aies réussi” (I prefer that you have succeeded).

– Expressing emotions: To convey emotions or feelings related to past actions or events. For example, “Il est content que nous ayons gagné” (He is happy that we won).

– Hypothetical situations: When discussing hypothetical or unreal past situations. For example, “Si j’avais su, j’aurais souhaité qu’ils aient été là” (If I had known, I would have wished they had been there).

Interactions with Other Tenses

The Subjonctif Passé often interacts with other tenses to convey specific meanings:

Present tense

It’s commonly used after expressions of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion in the present. For example, “Il faut que tu aies fini” (You must have finished).

Future tense

It’s used in the future for hypothetical or unreal actions in the past when the main clause is in the future. For example, “Je douterai qu’ils aient terminé demain” (I will doubt that they have finished tomorrow).

Conditional

When the main clause is in the conditional, the Subjonctif Passé can be used to express unreal or hypothetical actions in the past. For instance, “Il voudrait que nous ayons réussi” (He would like us to have succeeded).

Summary

The Subjonctif Passé is a versatile tense used in French to convey uncertainty, doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations related to past actions. It is used in various everyday contexts and interacts with other tenses to express specific nuances in the language.

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