Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

Introduction to the verb dicter

Get the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) tense conjugation of dicter. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!

The English translation of the French verb dicter is “to dictate.” The infinitive form of dicter is pronounced “deek-tay.”

The word “dicter” comes from the Latin word “dictare” which means “to say repeatedly, dictate.” In everyday French, “dicter” is most often used in the Subjonctif Passé tense, which is used to express a wish, a possibility, or a hypothetical situation in the past.

Here are three simple examples of “dicter” in the Subjonctif Passé tense, with their respective English translations:

  1. J’aurais aimé que tu m’aies dicté tes idées plus tôt. (I would have liked for you to have dictated your ideas to me earlier.)

  2. Il est possible que le professeur nous ait dicté les réponses à l’examen. (It is possible that the teacher dictated the answers to us for the exam.)

  3. Je ne crois pas que le gouvernement nous ait dicté quelle décision prendre. (I don’t believe that the government dictated to us what decision to make.)

Table of the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of dicter

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je aie dicté Il est peu probable que j’aie dicté. It’s unlikely that I dictated.
tu aies dicté Il faut que tu aies dicté. You must have dictated.
il ait dicté Il est possible qu’il ait dicté. It’s possible he dictated.
elle ait dicté Elle craint qu’elle ait dicté. She fears she dictated.
on ait dicté On veut qu’on ait dicté. We want it to have been dictated.
nous ayons dicté Espérons que nous ayons dicté. Let’s hope we dictated.
vous ayez dicté Il est important que vous ayez dicté. It’s important that you dictated.
ils aient dicté Ils doutent qu’ils aient dicté. They doubt they dictated.
elles aient dicté Elles préfèrent qu’elles aient dicté. They prefer they dictated.

Other Conjugations for Dicter.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter     (this article)

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dicter

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

Get a FREE Download Study Sheet of this Conjugation 🔥

Simply right click the image below, click “save image” and get your free reference for the dicter Subjonctif Passé tense conjugation!

Dicter – About the French Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense

The French Subjonctif Passé is a verb tense used to express actions or states that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on some condition in the past. It’s often used in conjunction with the main verb in the present or future tense to convey various nuances of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion.

NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Subjonctif Passé

To form the Subjonctif Passé, you generally need to start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the passé composé (a compound past tense). Then, drop the subject and replace it with the appropriate Subjonctif endings. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs:

   – For -er verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
   – For -ir verbs: -isse, -isses, -ît, -issions, -issiez, -issent
   – For -re verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent

For example, if you have the verb “parler” (to speak) in the third person plural passé composé, which is “ils ont parlé” (they spoke), the Subjonctif Passé form would be “qu’ils aient parlé” (that they spoke).

Everyday Usage Patterns

The Subjonctif Passé is commonly used in various situations:

– Expressing doubt or uncertainty: It’s used when you’re not certain about the completion of an action in the past. For example, “Je doute qu’il ait mangé” (I doubt that he ate).

– Desires and preferences: When you want or wish for something to have happened in the past. For instance, “Je préfère que tu aies réussi” (I prefer that you have succeeded).

– Expressing emotions: To convey emotions or feelings related to past actions or events. For example, “Il est content que nous ayons gagné” (He is happy that we won).

– Hypothetical situations: When discussing hypothetical or unreal past situations. For example, “Si j’avais su, j’aurais souhaité qu’ils aient été là” (If I had known, I would have wished they had been there).

Interactions with Other Tenses

The Subjonctif Passé often interacts with other tenses to convey specific meanings:

Present tense

It’s commonly used after expressions of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion in the present. For example, “Il faut que tu aies fini” (You must have finished).

Future tense

It’s used in the future for hypothetical or unreal actions in the past when the main clause is in the future. For example, “Je douterai qu’ils aient terminé demain” (I will doubt that they have finished tomorrow).

Conditional

When the main clause is in the conditional, the Subjonctif Passé can be used to express unreal or hypothetical actions in the past. For instance, “Il voudrait que nous ayons réussi” (He would like us to have succeeded).

Summary

The Subjonctif Passé is a versatile tense used in French to convey uncertainty, doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations related to past actions. It is used in various everyday contexts and interacts with other tenses to express specific nuances in the language.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb dicter. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

Similar Posts