Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer

Introduction to the verb abdiquer

Get the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) tense conjugation of abdiquer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!

The English translation of the French verb “abdiquer” is “to abdicate.” The infinitive form “abdiquer” is pronounced as /ab.di.ke/.

The verb “abdiquer” originated from the Latin word “abdico,” which means “to renounce” or “to resign.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense to express a hypothetical action that would have taken place before another past action or event.

Here are three examples of its usage in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense, along with their English translations:

  1. Il fallait que j’abdiquasse avant qu’il ne fût couronné.
    (I had to abdicate before he was crowned.)

  2. Si vous n’aviez pas abdiqué, nous aurions tous été ruinés.
    (If you hadn’t abdicated, we would all have been ruined.)

  3. Il doutait qu’elle eût abdiqué son trône avant la révolution.
    (He doubted that she had abdicated her throne before the revolution.)

In these examples, the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense is used to convey actions that hypothetically occurred before another past action or event. The verb “abdiquer” in this tense helps express the idea of renouncing or resigning in a past hypothetical context.

Table of the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of abdiquer

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je eusse abdiqué J’aurais aimé que je eusse abdiqué. I wish I had abdicated.
tu eusses abdiqué J’aurais aimé que tu eusses abdiqué. I wish you had abdicated.
il eût abdiqué J’aurais aimé qu’il eût abdiqué. I wish he had abdicated.
elle eût abdiqué J’aurais aimé qu’elle eût abdiqué. I wish she had abdicated.
on eût abdiqué J’aurais aimé qu’on eût abdiqué. I wish one had abdicated.
nous eussions abdiqué J’aurais aimé que nous eussions abdiqué. I wish we had abdicated.
vous eussiez abdiqué J’aurais aimé que vous eussiez abdiqué. I wish you had abdicated.
ils eussent abdiqué J’aurais aimé qu’ils eussent abdiqué. I wish they had abdicated.
elles eussent abdiqué J’aurais aimé qu’elles eussent abdiqué. I wish they had abdicated.

Other Conjugations for Abdiquer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer   (this article)  

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abdiquer

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

Get a FREE Download Study Sheet of this Conjugation 🔥

Simply right click the image below, click “save image” and get your free reference for the abdiquer Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense conjugation!

Abdiquer – About the French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, also known as the Pluperfect Subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions or states that occurred before another action in the past, and it’s used in situations where the indicative mood is in the past subjunctive or conditional mood.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, you start with the imperfect subjunctive form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb. 
For “avoir” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “avoir” (e.g., j’eusse, tu eusses, il/elle eût, nous eussions, vous eussiez, ils/elles eussent). Add the past participle of the main verb. 
For “être” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “être” (e.g., je fusse, tu fusses, il/elle fût, nous fussions, vous fussiez, ils/elles fussent). Add the past participle of the main verb.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Hypothetical Situations

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is often used to express hypothetical or unreal actions that occurred before another past action.
For example: J’aurais aimé que tu aies fini ton travail avant que je sois arrivé. (I would have liked for you to have finished your work before I arrived.) 

Reported Speech

In reported speech, you may use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait to convey what someone said or thought in the past. 
For example: Il m’a dit qu’il avait peur que je n’aie pas compris. (He told me that he was afraid that I hadn’t understood.) 

Doubt, Wishes, and Emotions

This tense can also be used to express doubt, wishes, and emotions about past actions. 
For example: Je doutais qu’il eût dit la vérité. (I doubted that he had told the truth.) 
J’aurais souhaité que tu fusses venu. (I would have wished for you to have come.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Present Subjunctive

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to describe past actions when the main verb is in the present subjunctive. 
For example: “Il faut que j’aie fini mon travail avant que tu partes.” (I must have finished my work before you leave.) 

Imperfect Subjunctive

It’s common to use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait with the imperfect subjunctive in complex sentences. 
For example: “Il m’avait dit qu’il fût rentré avant la fin de la journée.” (He had told me that he had returned before the end of the day.) 

Conditional

When the main verb is in the conditional mood, the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to express past unreal conditions. 
For example: “Si j’avais su, j’aurais voulu que tu aies réussi.” (If I had known, I would have wanted you to have succeeded.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is a complex tense used to convey nuanced meanings in French. While its usage may seem intricate, it becomes more intuitive with practice and exposure to the language. It’s important to understand the context in which it’s used, as it often conveys subtleties of time, conditionality, and emotion in French sentences.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb abdiquer. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply