Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter

Introduction to the verb baréter

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The English translation of the French verb baréter is “to wander” or “to roam.” In its infinitive form, baréter is pronounced as bah-reh-teh.

The word baréter comes from the Old French word “barater,” meaning “to cheat or deceive.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense, which is used to express an action that would have happened in the past if certain conditions had been met.

Here are three simple examples of baréter used in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense:

  1. Si j’avais eu plus de temps, j’aurais barété dans les rues de Paris toute la journée. (If I had had more time, I would have wandered through the streets of Paris all day.)
  2. Il m’a dit qu’il serait parti en voyage si son patron ne l’avait pas empêché de baréter. (He told me he would have gone on a trip if his boss hadn’t stopped him from wandering.)
  3. Nous aurions pu découvrir de nombreux endroits intéressants si nous avions barété dans la ville. (We could have discovered many interesting places if we had wandered through the city.)

Table of the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of baréter

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je eusse barété J’aurais aimé que je eusse barété. I wish I had bartered.
tu eusses barété J’aurais aimé que tu eusses barété. I wish you had bartered.
il eût barété J’aurais aimé qu’il eût barété. I wish he had bartered.
elle eût barété J’aurais aimé qu’elle eût barété. I wish she had bartered.
on eût barété J’aurais aimé qu’on eût barété. I wish one had bartered.
nous eussions barété J’aurais aimé que nous eussions barété. I wish we had bartered.
vous eussiez barété J’aurais aimé que vous eussiez barété. I wish you had bartered.
ils eussent barété J’aurais aimé qu’ils eussent barété. I wish they had bartered.
elles eussent barété J’aurais aimé qu’elles eussent barété. I wish they had bartered.

Other Conjugations for Baréter.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb baréter
    (this article)

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Baréter – About the French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, also known as the Pluperfect Subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions or states that occurred before another action in the past, and it’s used in situations where the indicative mood is in the past subjunctive or conditional mood.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, you start with the imperfect subjunctive form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb. 
For “avoir” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “avoir” (e.g., j’eusse, tu eusses, il/elle eût, nous eussions, vous eussiez, ils/elles eussent). Add the past participle of the main verb. 
For “être” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “être” (e.g., je fusse, tu fusses, il/elle fût, nous fussions, vous fussiez, ils/elles fussent). Add the past participle of the main verb.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Hypothetical Situations

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is often used to express hypothetical or unreal actions that occurred before another past action.
For example: J’aurais aimé que tu aies fini ton travail avant que je sois arrivé. (I would have liked for you to have finished your work before I arrived.) 

Reported Speech

In reported speech, you may use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait to convey what someone said or thought in the past. 
For example: Il m’a dit qu’il avait peur que je n’aie pas compris. (He told me that he was afraid that I hadn’t understood.) 

Doubt, Wishes, and Emotions

This tense can also be used to express doubt, wishes, and emotions about past actions. 
For example: Je doutais qu’il eût dit la vérité. (I doubted that he had told the truth.) 
J’aurais souhaité que tu fusses venu. (I would have wished for you to have come.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Present Subjunctive

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to describe past actions when the main verb is in the present subjunctive. 
For example: “Il faut que j’aie fini mon travail avant que tu partes.” (I must have finished my work before you leave.) 

Imperfect Subjunctive

It’s common to use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait with the imperfect subjunctive in complex sentences. 
For example: “Il m’avait dit qu’il fût rentré avant la fin de la journée.” (He had told me that he had returned before the end of the day.) 

Conditional

When the main verb is in the conditional mood, the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to express past unreal conditions. 
For example: “Si j’avais su, j’aurais voulu que tu aies réussi.” (If I had known, I would have wanted you to have succeeded.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is a complex tense used to convey nuanced meanings in French. While its usage may seem intricate, it becomes more intuitive with practice and exposure to the language. It’s important to understand the context in which it’s used, as it often conveys subtleties of time, conditionality, and emotion in French sentences.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb baréter. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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