Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler

Introduction to the verb canuler

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The English translation of the French verb canuler is “to channel” or “to form into a channel.” It is pronounced as “kah-nuh-leh” in its infinitive form.

The word canuler comes from the Old French word “canole,” meaning “pipe” or “channel.” It is related to the Latin word “canalis,” which also means “channel.”

In everyday French, canuler is most often used in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense, which is used to express something that could have happened in the past but did not. It is often used in hypothetical or unreal situations.

Here are three simple examples of canuler in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense, with their respective English translations:

  1. J’aurais aimé que tu aies canulé cette rivière. (I would have liked you to have channeled this river.) In this example, the speaker is expressing a desire for someone to have formed a channel in the river, but it did not happen.

  2. Si tu avais canulé cette route, nous n’aurions pas eu autant de bouchons. (If you had channeled this road, we would not have had so much traffic.) Here, the speaker is imagining a different outcome if the road had been channeled in the past.

  3. Il fallait que nous ayons canulé ces terres pour que les cultures poussent. (We needed to have channeled these lands for the crops to grow.) This sentence shows the necessity of having formed channels in the land in order for the crops to grow.

Table of the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of canuler

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je eusse canulé J’aurais aimé que je eusse canulé. I wish I had canceled.
tu eusses canulé J’aurais aimé que tu eusses canulé. I wish you had canceled.
il eût canulé J’aurais aimé qu’il eût canulé. I wish he had canceled.
elle eût canulé J’aurais aimé qu’elle eût canulé. I wish she had canceled.
on eût canulé J’aurais aimé qu’on eût canulé. I wish one had canceled.
nous eussions canulé J’aurais aimé que nous eussions canulé. I wish we had canceled.
vous eussiez canulé J’aurais aimé que vous eussiez canulé. I wish you had canceled.
ils eussent canulé J’aurais aimé qu’ils eussent canulé. I wish they had canceled.
elles eussent canulé J’aurais aimé qu’elles eussent canulé. I wish they had canceled.

Other Conjugations for Canuler.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canuler
    (this article)

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Canuler – About the French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, also known as the Pluperfect Subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions or states that occurred before another action in the past, and it’s used in situations where the indicative mood is in the past subjunctive or conditional mood.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, you start with the imperfect subjunctive form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb. 
For “avoir” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “avoir” (e.g., j’eusse, tu eusses, il/elle eût, nous eussions, vous eussiez, ils/elles eussent). Add the past participle of the main verb. 
For “être” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “être” (e.g., je fusse, tu fusses, il/elle fût, nous fussions, vous fussiez, ils/elles fussent). Add the past participle of the main verb.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Hypothetical Situations

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is often used to express hypothetical or unreal actions that occurred before another past action.
For example: J’aurais aimé que tu aies fini ton travail avant que je sois arrivé. (I would have liked for you to have finished your work before I arrived.) 

Reported Speech

In reported speech, you may use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait to convey what someone said or thought in the past. 
For example: Il m’a dit qu’il avait peur que je n’aie pas compris. (He told me that he was afraid that I hadn’t understood.) 

Doubt, Wishes, and Emotions

This tense can also be used to express doubt, wishes, and emotions about past actions. 
For example: Je doutais qu’il eût dit la vérité. (I doubted that he had told the truth.) 
J’aurais souhaité que tu fusses venu. (I would have wished for you to have come.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Present Subjunctive

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to describe past actions when the main verb is in the present subjunctive. 
For example: “Il faut que j’aie fini mon travail avant que tu partes.” (I must have finished my work before you leave.) 

Imperfect Subjunctive

It’s common to use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait with the imperfect subjunctive in complex sentences. 
For example: “Il m’avait dit qu’il fût rentré avant la fin de la journée.” (He had told me that he had returned before the end of the day.) 

Conditional

When the main verb is in the conditional mood, the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to express past unreal conditions. 
For example: “Si j’avais su, j’aurais voulu que tu aies réussi.” (If I had known, I would have wanted you to have succeeded.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is a complex tense used to convey nuanced meanings in French. While its usage may seem intricate, it becomes more intuitive with practice and exposure to the language. It’s important to understand the context in which it’s used, as it often conveys subtleties of time, conditionality, and emotion in French sentences.

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