Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider

Introduction to the verb dévider

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The English translation of the French verb dévider is “to unwind” or “to unravel.” It is pronounced “dey-vee-dey.”

Dévider comes from the Old French word “desvider,” which means “to empty out.” It is derived from the Latin word “videre,” meaning “to see,” and the prefix “de-,” which indicates an action in the opposite direction.

In everyday French, dévider is most often used in its infinitive form to describe the action of unwinding or unraveling something. In the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense, it is used to describe a hypothetical past action that was completed before another past action.

Three examples of dévider in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense are:

  1. J’aurais aimé que tu aies dévidé la pelote de laine avant que je ne commence à tricoter. (I wish you had unwound the ball of yarn before I started knitting.)

  2. Il était nécessaire que nous ayons dévidé toutes les bobines avant de commencer la production. (It was necessary for us to have unwound all the spools before starting production.)

  3. Le professeur a demandé que les élèves aient dévidé leur fil avant de commencer à tisser. (The teacher asked the students to have unwound their thread before starting to weave.)

Table of the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of dévider

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je eusse dévidé J’aurais aimé que je eusse dévidé. I wish I had unwound.
tu eusses dévidé J’aurais aimé que tu eusses dévidé. I wish you had unwound.
il eût dévidé J’aurais aimé qu’il eût dévidé. I wish he had unwound.
elle eût dévidé J’aurais aimé qu’elle eût dévidé. I wish she had unwound.
on eût dévidé J’aurais aimé qu’on eût dévidé. I wish one had unwound.
nous eussions dévidé J’aurais aimé que nous eussions dévidé. I wish we had unwound.
vous eussiez dévidé J’aurais aimé que vous eussiez dévidé. I wish you had unwound.
ils eussent dévidé J’aurais aimé qu’ils eussent dévidé. I wish they had unwound.
elles eussent dévidé J’aurais aimé qu’elles eussent dévidé. I wish they had unwound.

Other Conjugations for Dévider.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dévider
    (this article)

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Dévider – About the French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, also known as the Pluperfect Subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions or states that occurred before another action in the past, and it’s used in situations where the indicative mood is in the past subjunctive or conditional mood.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, you start with the imperfect subjunctive form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb. 
For “avoir” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “avoir” (e.g., j’eusse, tu eusses, il/elle eût, nous eussions, vous eussiez, ils/elles eussent). Add the past participle of the main verb. 
For “être” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “être” (e.g., je fusse, tu fusses, il/elle fût, nous fussions, vous fussiez, ils/elles fussent). Add the past participle of the main verb.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Hypothetical Situations

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is often used to express hypothetical or unreal actions that occurred before another past action.
For example: J’aurais aimé que tu aies fini ton travail avant que je sois arrivé. (I would have liked for you to have finished your work before I arrived.) 

Reported Speech

In reported speech, you may use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait to convey what someone said or thought in the past. 
For example: Il m’a dit qu’il avait peur que je n’aie pas compris. (He told me that he was afraid that I hadn’t understood.) 

Doubt, Wishes, and Emotions

This tense can also be used to express doubt, wishes, and emotions about past actions. 
For example: Je doutais qu’il eût dit la vérité. (I doubted that he had told the truth.) 
J’aurais souhaité que tu fusses venu. (I would have wished for you to have come.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Present Subjunctive

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to describe past actions when the main verb is in the present subjunctive. 
For example: “Il faut que j’aie fini mon travail avant que tu partes.” (I must have finished my work before you leave.) 

Imperfect Subjunctive

It’s common to use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait with the imperfect subjunctive in complex sentences. 
For example: “Il m’avait dit qu’il fût rentré avant la fin de la journée.” (He had told me that he had returned before the end of the day.) 

Conditional

When the main verb is in the conditional mood, the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to express past unreal conditions. 
For example: “Si j’avais su, j’aurais voulu que tu aies réussi.” (If I had known, I would have wanted you to have succeeded.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is a complex tense used to convey nuanced meanings in French. While its usage may seem intricate, it becomes more intuitive with practice and exposure to the language. It’s important to understand the context in which it’s used, as it often conveys subtleties of time, conditionality, and emotion in French sentences.

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