Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier

Introduction to the verb dulcifier

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The English translation of the French verb dulcifier is “to sweeten.” The infinitive form is pronounced “dool-see-fee-yay.”

The word dulcifier comes from the Latin word “dulcis,” meaning sweet, and the French suffix “-ifier,” which means to make or cause. It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense, which is a past tense that expresses a hypothetical or uncertain action that took place before another past action.

Three simple examples of dulcifier in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense are:

  1. J’aimerais que tu aies dulcifié le café avant de le servir. (I wish you had sweetened the coffee before serving it.)
  2. Il fallait que nous ayons dulcifié le gâteau pour le rendre plus savoureux. (We needed to have sweetened the cake to make it more delicious.)
  3. Elle aurait préféré que je n’aie pas dulcifié la tarte car elle préfère les desserts moins sucrés. (She would have preferred if I had not sweetened the pie because she prefers less sweet desserts.)

Table of the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of dulcifier

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je eusse dulcifié J’aurais aimé que je eusse dulcifié. I wish I had dulcified.
tu eusses dulcifié J’aurais aimé que tu eusses dulcifié. I wish you had dulcified.
il eût dulcifié J’aurais aimé qu’il eût dulcifié. I wish he had dulcified.
elle eût dulcifié J’aurais aimé qu’elle eût dulcifié. I wish she had dulcified.
on eût dulcifié J’aurais aimé qu’on eût dulcifié. I wish one had dulcified.
nous eussions dulcifié J’aurais aimé que nous eussions dulcifié. I wish we had dulcified.
vous eussiez dulcifié J’aurais aimé que vous eussiez dulcifié. I wish you had dulcified.
ils eussent dulcifié J’aurais aimé qu’ils eussent dulcifié. I wish they had dulcified.
elles eussent dulcifié J’aurais aimé qu’elles eussent dulcifié. I wish they had dulcified.

Other Conjugations for Dulcifier.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dulcifier
    (this article)

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Dulcifier – About the French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, also known as the Pluperfect Subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions or states that occurred before another action in the past, and it’s used in situations where the indicative mood is in the past subjunctive or conditional mood.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, you start with the imperfect subjunctive form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb. 
For “avoir” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “avoir” (e.g., j’eusse, tu eusses, il/elle eût, nous eussions, vous eussiez, ils/elles eussent). Add the past participle of the main verb. 
For “être” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “être” (e.g., je fusse, tu fusses, il/elle fût, nous fussions, vous fussiez, ils/elles fussent). Add the past participle of the main verb.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Hypothetical Situations

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is often used to express hypothetical or unreal actions that occurred before another past action.
For example: J’aurais aimé que tu aies fini ton travail avant que je sois arrivé. (I would have liked for you to have finished your work before I arrived.) 

Reported Speech

In reported speech, you may use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait to convey what someone said or thought in the past. 
For example: Il m’a dit qu’il avait peur que je n’aie pas compris. (He told me that he was afraid that I hadn’t understood.) 

Doubt, Wishes, and Emotions

This tense can also be used to express doubt, wishes, and emotions about past actions. 
For example: Je doutais qu’il eût dit la vérité. (I doubted that he had told the truth.) 
J’aurais souhaité que tu fusses venu. (I would have wished for you to have come.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Present Subjunctive

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to describe past actions when the main verb is in the present subjunctive. 
For example: “Il faut que j’aie fini mon travail avant que tu partes.” (I must have finished my work before you leave.) 

Imperfect Subjunctive

It’s common to use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait with the imperfect subjunctive in complex sentences. 
For example: “Il m’avait dit qu’il fût rentré avant la fin de la journée.” (He had told me that he had returned before the end of the day.) 

Conditional

When the main verb is in the conditional mood, the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to express past unreal conditions. 
For example: “Si j’avais su, j’aurais voulu que tu aies réussi.” (If I had known, I would have wanted you to have succeeded.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is a complex tense used to convey nuanced meanings in French. While its usage may seem intricate, it becomes more intuitive with practice and exposure to the language. It’s important to understand the context in which it’s used, as it often conveys subtleties of time, conditionality, and emotion in French sentences.

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