Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer

Introduction to the verb gainer

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English Translation: to gain/to win

Pronunciation: /ɡe.ne/

Language Origin:
The word gainer comes from the Old French verb gaaigner, meaning “to win.” This verb is derived from the Proto-Germanic word *gānōn, meaning “to go, to come,” which is also the root of the English verb “to gain.” In modern French, gainer is most often used in the context of winning or gaining something, such as money, a competition, or a position.

Usage in Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense:
The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense is used to express an action that occurred before another past action. In everyday French, this tense is often used in formal or literary language.

Examples:

  1. Nous étions heureux qu’il eût gagné la compétition. (We were happy that he had won the competition.)
  2. Il fallait qu’elle eût gainé assez d’argent pour s’acheter une nouvelle voiture. (She needed to have gained enough money to buy a new car.)
  3. J’étais déçu qu’il eût gagné la partie. (I was disappointed that he had won the game.)

Table of the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of gainer

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je eusse gainé J’aurais aimé que je eusse gainé. I wish I had tightened.
tu eusses gainé J’aurais aimé que tu eusses gainé. I wish you had tightened.
il eût gainé J’aurais aimé qu’il eût gainé. I wish he had tightened.
elle eût gainé J’aurais aimé qu’elle eût gainé. I wish she had tightened.
on eût gainé J’aurais aimé qu’on eût gainé. I wish one had tightened.
nous eussions gainé J’aurais aimé que nous eussions gainé. I wish we had tightened.
vous eussiez gainé J’aurais aimé que vous eussiez gainé. I wish you had tightened.
ils eussent gainé J’aurais aimé qu’ils eussent gainé. I wish they had tightened.
elles eussent gainé J’aurais aimé qu’elles eussent gainé. I wish they had tightened.

Other Conjugations for Gainer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb gainer
    (this article)

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Gainer – About the French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, also known as the Pluperfect Subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions or states that occurred before another action in the past, and it’s used in situations where the indicative mood is in the past subjunctive or conditional mood.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, you start with the imperfect subjunctive form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb. 
For “avoir” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “avoir” (e.g., j’eusse, tu eusses, il/elle eût, nous eussions, vous eussiez, ils/elles eussent). Add the past participle of the main verb. 
For “être” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “être” (e.g., je fusse, tu fusses, il/elle fût, nous fussions, vous fussiez, ils/elles fussent). Add the past participle of the main verb.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Hypothetical Situations

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is often used to express hypothetical or unreal actions that occurred before another past action.
For example: J’aurais aimé que tu aies fini ton travail avant que je sois arrivé. (I would have liked for you to have finished your work before I arrived.) 

Reported Speech

In reported speech, you may use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait to convey what someone said or thought in the past. 
For example: Il m’a dit qu’il avait peur que je n’aie pas compris. (He told me that he was afraid that I hadn’t understood.) 

Doubt, Wishes, and Emotions

This tense can also be used to express doubt, wishes, and emotions about past actions. 
For example: Je doutais qu’il eût dit la vérité. (I doubted that he had told the truth.) 
J’aurais souhaité que tu fusses venu. (I would have wished for you to have come.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Present Subjunctive

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to describe past actions when the main verb is in the present subjunctive. 
For example: “Il faut que j’aie fini mon travail avant que tu partes.” (I must have finished my work before you leave.) 

Imperfect Subjunctive

It’s common to use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait with the imperfect subjunctive in complex sentences. 
For example: “Il m’avait dit qu’il fût rentré avant la fin de la journée.” (He had told me that he had returned before the end of the day.) 

Conditional

When the main verb is in the conditional mood, the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to express past unreal conditions. 
For example: “Si j’avais su, j’aurais voulu que tu aies réussi.” (If I had known, I would have wanted you to have succeeded.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is a complex tense used to convey nuanced meanings in French. While its usage may seem intricate, it becomes more intuitive with practice and exposure to the language. It’s important to understand the context in which it’s used, as it often conveys subtleties of time, conditionality, and emotion in French sentences.

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