Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer

Introduction to the verb indicer

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The English translation of the French verb “indicer” is “to schedule” or “to appoint.” It is pronounced “ahn-dee-ser.”

The word “indicer” comes from the Latin word “indicere,” meaning “to announce” or “to proclaim.” It entered the French language in the 15th century and has been used primarily in legal and administrative contexts. In everyday French, it is most often used in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past subjunctive tense.

In this tense, “indicer” is conjugated as follows:

  • Je fusse indiqué(e) – I had scheduled
  • Tu fusses indiqué(e) – You had scheduled
  • Il/Elle fût indiqué(e) – He/She had scheduled
  • Nous fussions indiqué(e)s – We had scheduled
  • Vous fussiez indiqué(e)(s) – You (pl.) had scheduled
  • Ils/Elles fussent indiqué(e)(s) – They had scheduled

Here are three simple examples of “indicer” used in the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait tense, with their English translations:

  1. Il m’avait indiqué de venir à 8h. – He had scheduled for me to come at 8am.
  2. Si j’avais su, j’aurais indiqué une autre date. – If I had known, I would have scheduled a different date.
  3. Nous aurions été plus préparés si on nous avait indiqué les détails à l’avance. – We would have been more prepared if they had scheduled the details in advance.

Table of the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of indicer

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je eusse indicé Il fallait que je eusse indicé. I would have had to indicate.
tu eusses indicé Il fallait que tu eusses indicé. You would have had to indicate.
il eût indicé Il fallait qu’il eût indicé. He would have had to indicate.
elle eût indicé Il fallait qu’elle eût indicé. She would have had to indicate.
on eût indicé Il fallait qu’on eût indicé. One would have had to indicate.
nous eussions indicé Il fallait que nous eussions indicé. We would have had to indicate.
vous eussiez indicé Il fallait que vous eussiez indicé. You would have had to indicate.
ils eussent indicé Il fallait qu’ils eussent indicé. They would have had to indicate.
elles eussent indicé Il fallait qu’elles eussent indicé. They would have had to indicate.

Other Conjugations for Indicer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb indicer
    (this article)

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Indicer – About the French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense

The French Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, also known as the Pluperfect Subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions or states that occurred before another action in the past, and it’s used in situations where the indicative mood is in the past subjunctive or conditional mood.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation

To form the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait, you start with the imperfect subjunctive form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb. 
For “avoir” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “avoir” (e.g., j’eusse, tu eusses, il/elle eût, nous eussions, vous eussiez, ils/elles eussent). Add the past participle of the main verb. 
For “être” verbs: Take the imperfect subjunctive form of “être” (e.g., je fusse, tu fusses, il/elle fût, nous fussions, vous fussiez, ils/elles fussent). Add the past participle of the main verb.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

Hypothetical Situations

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is often used to express hypothetical or unreal actions that occurred before another past action.
For example: J’aurais aimé que tu aies fini ton travail avant que je sois arrivé. (I would have liked for you to have finished your work before I arrived.) 

Reported Speech

In reported speech, you may use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait to convey what someone said or thought in the past. 
For example: Il m’a dit qu’il avait peur que je n’aie pas compris. (He told me that he was afraid that I hadn’t understood.) 

Doubt, Wishes, and Emotions

This tense can also be used to express doubt, wishes, and emotions about past actions. 
For example: Je doutais qu’il eût dit la vérité. (I doubted that he had told the truth.) 
J’aurais souhaité que tu fusses venu. (I would have wished for you to have come.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

Present Subjunctive

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to describe past actions when the main verb is in the present subjunctive. 
For example: “Il faut que j’aie fini mon travail avant que tu partes.” (I must have finished my work before you leave.) 

Imperfect Subjunctive

It’s common to use the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait with the imperfect subjunctive in complex sentences. 
For example: “Il m’avait dit qu’il fût rentré avant la fin de la journée.” (He had told me that he had returned before the end of the day.) 

Conditional

When the main verb is in the conditional mood, the Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait can be used to express past unreal conditions. 
For example: “Si j’avais su, j’aurais voulu que tu aies réussi.” (If I had known, I would have wanted you to have succeeded.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait is a complex tense used to convey nuanced meanings in French. While its usage may seem intricate, it becomes more intuitive with practice and exposure to the language. It’s important to understand the context in which it’s used, as it often conveys subtleties of time, conditionality, and emotion in French sentences.

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