Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter

Introduction to the verb débouter

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The English translation of the French verb débouter is “to dismiss” or “to reject.” The infinitive form of débouter is pronounced as “day-boo-tay.”

Débouter comes from the Old French word “bout,” meaning “end” or “purpose,” and the prefix “de-” which denotes negation or reversal. In everyday French, débouter is most often used in the Subjonctif Présent tense, which is used to express doubt, possibility, or subjective opinion.

Examples of débouter in the Subjonctif Présent tense:

  1. Il est important que le jury déboute cette demande. (It is important that the jury dismiss this request.)
  2. Je doute qu’il soit débouté de sa position. (I doubt he will be rejected from his position.)
  3. Nous souhaitons que les plaintes soient déboutées par le tribunal. (We hope that the complaints will be rejected by the court.)

Table of the Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of débouter

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je déboute Il faut que je déboute. I must dismiss.
tu déboutes Il est préférable que tu déboutes. It’s preferable you dismiss.
il déboute Il faut qu’il déboute. It’s necessary he dismiss.
elle déboute Il est important qu’elle déboute. It’s important she dismiss.
on déboute Il est possible qu’on déboute. It’s possible we dismiss.
nous déboutions Je préfère que nous déboutions. I prefer we dismiss.
vous déboutiez Je veux que vous déboutiez. I want you to dismiss.
ils déboutent Il est essentiel qu’ils déboutent. It’s essential they dismiss.
elles déboutent Il est crucial qu’elles déboutent. It’s crucial they dismiss.

Other Conjugations for Débouter.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter (this article)

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb débouter

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Débouter – About the French Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense

The French Subjonctif Présent, often referred to simply as the “subjunctive mood,” is a verb tense used to express doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity, and emotions. It is not used to describe actions or facts that are considered certain or objective. Here, I will explain the Subjonctif Présent tense, its common everyday usage patterns, and how it interacts with other tenses in French.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Subjonctif Présent

To form the Subjonctif Présent tense for regular verbs, you typically follow these rules

1. Start with the third-person plural (ils/elles) form of the present tense of the verb.
2. Remove the -ent ending.
3. Add the appropriate endings for each verb group:
   – For -er verbs: e, es, e, ions, iez, ent.
   – For -ir verbs: e, es, e, issions, issiez, issent.
   – For -re verbs: e, es, e, ions, iez, ent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Uncertainty and Doubt. The Subjonctif Présent is commonly used to express uncertainty, doubt, or subjective feelings. For example:
   – Je doute qu’il vienne. (I doubt he is coming.)
   – Il est possible que nous ayons des problèmes. (It is possible that we will have problems.)

2. Emotions and Desires. You use the subjunctive to express emotions, desires, hopes, and wishes.
   – Je veux que tu sois heureux. (I want you to be happy.)
   – J’aimerais que vous veniez à la fête. (I would like you to come to the party.)

3. Impersonal Expressions. Some impersonal expressions require the Subjonctif Présent, such as “il est important que” (it is important that), “il est nécessaire que” (it is necessary that), or “il faut que” (it is necessary that).
   – Il est nécessaire que nous partions. (It is necessary that we leave.)

4. Expressions of Possibility and Hypothesis. Subjunctive can be used to express possibilities and hypotheses:
   – Si j’étais riche, je voyagerais. (If I were rich, I would travel.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

The Subjonctif Présent can interact with other tenses in various ways:

1. Present Subjunctive with Present Indicative. Often, the Subjonctif Présent is used alongside the present indicative to express a contrast between certainty and uncertainty. For example:
   – Il est sûr que tu viens. (It’s certain that you are coming.)
   – Il est possible que tu viennes. (It’s possible that you are coming.)

2. Past Subjunctive with Past Indicative. The Subjonctif Passé is used in conjunction with past indicative tenses to express doubt, uncertainty, or emotion about past actions or events.
   – J’étais triste qu’il soit parti. (I was sad that he had left.)

3. Future Subjunctive with Future Indicative. The Subjonctif Futur can be used with future indicative tenses to express doubt or uncertainty about future actions.
   – J’espère qu’il viendra. (I hope he will come.)

4. Conditional and Subjunctive. The Subjonctif Présent is often used with the conditional mood to express hypothetical or unreal situations.
   – Si j’avais de l’argent, je voyagerais. (If I had money, I would travel.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Présent is a mood used to convey uncertainty, doubt, emotions, and desires. It interacts with other tenses in French to create a wide range of nuanced expressions in both everyday conversation and more complex contexts.

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