Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer

Introduction to the verb enfleurer

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The English translation of the French verb enfleurer is “to touch lightly” or “to brush against.” The infinitive form is pronounced “ahn-fleh-uh-ray.”

Enfleurer comes from the Old French word “enfleur,” meaning “to touch gently.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Présent tense, which is used to express a subjective or uncertain action.

Three simple examples of its usage in the Subjonctif Présent tense, with their respective English translations, are:

  1. Je doute qu’il enfleure la peau de l’orange avec le couteau. (I doubt that he brushes the skin of the orange with the knife.)
  2. Il faut que tu enfleures les bords de la pâte avant de la mettre au four. (You need to lightly touch the edges of the dough before putting it in the oven.)
  3. Il est important que nous enfleurions les murs avec la peinture blanche. (It is important that we lightly touch the walls with white paint.)

Table of the Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of enfleurer

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je enfleure Je veux que je m’enfleure. I want to puff myself up.
tu enfleures Je crains que tu t’enfleures. I fear you might puff yourself up.
il enfleure Il est possible qu’il s’enfleure. It’s possible he puffs himself up.
elle enfleure Elle espère qu’elle s’enfleure. She hopes to puff herself up.
on enfleure Il est important qu’on s’enfleure. It’s important we puff ourselves up.
nous enfleurions Il est préférable qu’nous enfleurions. It’s preferable we puff ourselves up.
vous enfleuriez Il est nécessaire que vous enfleuriez. It’s necessary you puff yourselves up.
ils enfleurent Il est essentiel qu’ils s’enfleurent. It’s essential they puff themselves up.
elles enfleurent Il est crucial qu’elles s’enfleurent. It’s crucial they puff themselves up.

Other Conjugations for Enfleurer.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer (this article)

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enfleurer

    Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
   

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Enfleurer – About the French Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense

The French Subjonctif Présent, often referred to simply as the “subjunctive mood,” is a verb tense used to express doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity, and emotions. It is not used to describe actions or facts that are considered certain or objective. Here, I will explain the Subjonctif Présent tense, its common everyday usage patterns, and how it interacts with other tenses in French.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Subjonctif Présent

To form the Subjonctif Présent tense for regular verbs, you typically follow these rules

1. Start with the third-person plural (ils/elles) form of the present tense of the verb.
2. Remove the -ent ending.
3. Add the appropriate endings for each verb group:
   – For -er verbs: e, es, e, ions, iez, ent.
   – For -ir verbs: e, es, e, issions, issiez, issent.
   – For -re verbs: e, es, e, ions, iez, ent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Uncertainty and Doubt. The Subjonctif Présent is commonly used to express uncertainty, doubt, or subjective feelings. For example:
   – Je doute qu’il vienne. (I doubt he is coming.)
   – Il est possible que nous ayons des problèmes. (It is possible that we will have problems.)

2. Emotions and Desires. You use the subjunctive to express emotions, desires, hopes, and wishes.
   – Je veux que tu sois heureux. (I want you to be happy.)
   – J’aimerais que vous veniez à la fête. (I would like you to come to the party.)

3. Impersonal Expressions. Some impersonal expressions require the Subjonctif Présent, such as “il est important que” (it is important that), “il est nécessaire que” (it is necessary that), or “il faut que” (it is necessary that).
   – Il est nécessaire que nous partions. (It is necessary that we leave.)

4. Expressions of Possibility and Hypothesis. Subjunctive can be used to express possibilities and hypotheses:
   – Si j’étais riche, je voyagerais. (If I were rich, I would travel.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

The Subjonctif Présent can interact with other tenses in various ways:

1. Present Subjunctive with Present Indicative. Often, the Subjonctif Présent is used alongside the present indicative to express a contrast between certainty and uncertainty. For example:
   – Il est sûr que tu viens. (It’s certain that you are coming.)
   – Il est possible que tu viennes. (It’s possible that you are coming.)

2. Past Subjunctive with Past Indicative. The Subjonctif Passé is used in conjunction with past indicative tenses to express doubt, uncertainty, or emotion about past actions or events.
   – J’étais triste qu’il soit parti. (I was sad that he had left.)

3. Future Subjunctive with Future Indicative. The Subjonctif Futur can be used with future indicative tenses to express doubt or uncertainty about future actions.
   – J’espère qu’il viendra. (I hope he will come.)

4. Conditional and Subjunctive. The Subjonctif Présent is often used with the conditional mood to express hypothetical or unreal situations.
   – Si j’avais de l’argent, je voyagerais. (If I had money, I would travel.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Présent is a mood used to convey uncertainty, doubt, emotions, and desires. It interacts with other tenses in French to create a wide range of nuanced expressions in both everyday conversation and more complex contexts.

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