Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver

Introduction to the verb enjoliver

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The English translation of the French verb enjoliver is “to embellish” or “to adorn.” It is pronounced as “on-zhol-ee-vay.”

Enjoliver is derived from the Old French word “jolivre,” meaning “to make pretty.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Présent tense, which expresses a desired or hypothetical action.

Examples of enjoliver in the Subjonctif Présent tense are:

  1. J’aimerais que tu enjolives la salle de bain avant l’arrivée des invités. (I would like you to embellish the bathroom before the guests arrive.)

  2. Il faut que nous enjolivions notre jardin pour le mariage de notre fille. (We need to adorn our garden for our daughter’s wedding.)

  3. Elle préfère que vous enjoliviez votre discours pour le rendre plus intéressant. (She prefers that you embellish your speech to make it more interesting.)

Table of the Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of enjoliver

Pronoun Conjugation Example Usage English Translation
je enjolive Il faut que je enjolive le gâteau. I must decorate the cake.
tu enjolives Je veux que tu enjolives ta tenue. I want you to spice up your outfit.
il enjolive Il est possible qu’il enjolive la pièce. It’s possible he beautifies the room.
elle enjolive Elle préfère que j’elle enjolive ses cheveux. She prefers her to style her hair.
on enjolive Il est important qu’on enjolive le jardin. It’s important we enhance the garden.
nous enjolivions Il est préférable que nous enjolivions la maison. It’s preferable we adorn the house.
vous enjoliviez Il est nécessaire que vous enjoliviez vos cadeaux. It’s necessary you embellish your gifts.
ils enjolivent Il est essentiel qu’ils enjolivent la ville. It’s essential they embellish the city.
elles enjolivent Il est crucial qu’elles enjolivent leur apparence. It’s crucial they beautify their appearance.

Other Conjugations for Enjoliver.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver

    Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver

    Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver (this article)

    Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver
   

    Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver

    L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver

    L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enjoliver

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Enjoliver – About the French Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense

The French Subjonctif Présent, often referred to simply as the “subjunctive mood,” is a verb tense used to express doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity, and emotions. It is not used to describe actions or facts that are considered certain or objective. Here, I will explain the Subjonctif Présent tense, its common everyday usage patterns, and how it interacts with other tenses in French.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Formation of the Subjonctif Présent

To form the Subjonctif Présent tense for regular verbs, you typically follow these rules

1. Start with the third-person plural (ils/elles) form of the present tense of the verb.
2. Remove the -ent ending.
3. Add the appropriate endings for each verb group:
   – For -er verbs: e, es, e, ions, iez, ent.
   – For -ir verbs: e, es, e, issions, issiez, issent.
   – For -re verbs: e, es, e, ions, iez, ent.

Common Everyday Usage Patterns

1. Expressing Uncertainty and Doubt. The Subjonctif Présent is commonly used to express uncertainty, doubt, or subjective feelings. For example:
   – Je doute qu’il vienne. (I doubt he is coming.)
   – Il est possible que nous ayons des problèmes. (It is possible that we will have problems.)

2. Emotions and Desires. You use the subjunctive to express emotions, desires, hopes, and wishes.
   – Je veux que tu sois heureux. (I want you to be happy.)
   – J’aimerais que vous veniez à la fête. (I would like you to come to the party.)

3. Impersonal Expressions. Some impersonal expressions require the Subjonctif Présent, such as “il est important que” (it is important that), “il est nécessaire que” (it is necessary that), or “il faut que” (it is necessary that).
   – Il est nécessaire que nous partions. (It is necessary that we leave.)

4. Expressions of Possibility and Hypothesis. Subjunctive can be used to express possibilities and hypotheses:
   – Si j’étais riche, je voyagerais. (If I were rich, I would travel.)

Interactions with Other Tenses

The Subjonctif Présent can interact with other tenses in various ways:

1. Present Subjunctive with Present Indicative. Often, the Subjonctif Présent is used alongside the present indicative to express a contrast between certainty and uncertainty. For example:
   – Il est sûr que tu viens. (It’s certain that you are coming.)
   – Il est possible que tu viennes. (It’s possible that you are coming.)

2. Past Subjunctive with Past Indicative. The Subjonctif Passé is used in conjunction with past indicative tenses to express doubt, uncertainty, or emotion about past actions or events.
   – J’étais triste qu’il soit parti. (I was sad that he had left.)

3. Future Subjunctive with Future Indicative. The Subjonctif Futur can be used with future indicative tenses to express doubt or uncertainty about future actions.
   – J’espère qu’il viendra. (I hope he will come.)

4. Conditional and Subjunctive. The Subjonctif Présent is often used with the conditional mood to express hypothetical or unreal situations.
   – Si j’avais de l’argent, je voyagerais. (If I had money, I would travel.)

Summary

The Subjonctif Présent is a mood used to convey uncertainty, doubt, emotions, and desires. It interacts with other tenses in French to create a wide range of nuanced expressions in both everyday conversation and more complex contexts.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb enjoliver. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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