Introduction to the verb cirer
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The English translation of the French verb cirer is “to wax”. It is pronounced “see-reh”.
The verb cirer comes from the Latin word “cera”, meaning wax. In everyday French, cirer is most often used in the Conditionnel Passé tense, which expresses a hypothetical action in the past. It is formed by using the conditional form of the auxiliary verb avoir or être followed by the past participle of cirer.
Example 1: Si j’avais ciré mes chaussures, elles auraient brillé. (If I had waxed my shoes, they would have shined.)
Example 2: Elle serait rentrée plus tôt si elle avait ciré son ski. (She would have come back earlier if she had waxed her ski.)
Example 3: Nous aurions glissé plus facilement si nous avions ciré la planche de surf. (We would have glided more easily if we had waxed the surfboard.)
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of cirer
|Si j’avais su, je t’aurais ciré les chaussures.
|I would have polished your shoes.
|Tu aurais ciré le parquet avant la fête.
|You would have waxed the floor before the party.
|Il aurait ciré son cuir avec ce produit.
|He would have waxed his leather with this product.
|Elle aurait ciré les meubles de manière régulière.
|She would have waxed the furniture regularly.
|On aurait ciré le plancher ensemble.
|One would have waxed the floor together.
|Nous aurions ciré les chaussures de toute la famille.
|We would have polished the shoes for the whole family.
|Vous auriez ciré vos bottes pour la randonnée.
|You would have waxed your boots for the hike.
|Ils auraient ciré le parquet de la salle.
|They would have waxed the floor in the room.
|Elles auraient ciré leurs chaussures avant le mariage.
|They (female) would have polished their shoes before the wedding.
Other Conjugations for Cirer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cirer
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Cirer – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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