Introduction to the verb décamper
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The English translation of the French verb décamper is “to leave quickly” or “to clear out.” It is pronounced as “dey-kam-pey” in its infinitive form.
The word décamper comes from the Old French “descamper,” meaning “to set off” or “to move away.” It is composed of the prefix “des-” which indicates movement away, and the verb “camper” which means “to camp.” In everyday French, décamper is most often used in the Conditionnel Passé tense, which indicates a past hypothetical or conditional action.
Examples of décamper in the Conditionnel Passé tense:
Si j’avais su qu’il était en colère, je serais décampé avant qu’il n’arrive. (If I had known he was angry, I would have left before he arrived.)
Tu ne m’aurais pas vu si tu étais décampé plus tôt. (You wouldn’t have seen me if you had left earlier.)
Nous aurions dû décamper dès que la fête a commencé à dégénérer. (We should have left as soon as the party started to get out of hand.)
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of décamper
|Si j’avais su, je me serais décampé.
|I would have left.
|Tu aurais décampé plus tôt.
|You would have left earlier.
|Il aurait décampé du pays.
|He would have left the country.
|Elle aurait décampé en vacances.
|She would have left on vacation.
|On aurait décampé de la ville.
|One would have left the city.
|Nous aurions décampé en voiture.
|We would have left by car.
|Vous auriez décampé avec eux.
|You would have left with them.
|Ils auraient décampé ensemble.
|They would have left together.
|Elles auraient décampé sans nous.
|They (female) would have left without us.
Other Conjugations for Décamper.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb décamper
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Décamper – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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