Introduction to the verb désengager
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The English translation of the French verb désengager is “to disengage.” It is pronounced as “day-zahn-gah-zhay” in the infinitive form.
The word désengager comes from the French prefix “dés-” meaning “undo” or “reverse” and the verb “engager” meaning “to engage” or “to involve.” It is often used in everyday French to describe separating or detaching oneself from a situation or commitment.
In the Conditionnel Passé tense, which is used to talk about hypothetical or unreal past events, désengager is conjugated as “aurais désengagé” in the first person singular form. Here are three examples of its usage in this tense, with their respective English translations:
Si j’avais su, j’aurais désengagé mon fils de ce club de football. (If I had known, I would have disengaged my son from this soccer club.)
Elle aurait désengagé sa candidature si elle avait su que le poste était déjà pourvu. (She would have withdrawn her application if she had known the position was already filled.)
Nous aurions désengagé nos fonds si le projet avait été plus risqué. (We would have pulled out our funds if the project had been riskier.)
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of désengager
||Si j’avais su, je me serais désengagé.
||If I had known, I would have disengaged myself.
||Tu aurais désengagé ton argent.
||You would have withdrawn your money.
||Il aurait désengagé son entreprise.
||He would have disengaged his company.
||Elle aurait désengagé avec son partenaire.
||She would have disengaged with her partner.
||On aurait désengagé nos troupes.
||One would have withdrawn our troops.
||Nous aurions désengagé notre aide.
||We would have disengaged our help.
||Vous auriez désengagé votre soutien.
||You would have withdrawn your support.
||Ils auraient désengagé leur participation.
||They would have disengaged their participation.
||Elles auraient désengagé avec leur équipe.
||They (female) would have disengaged with their team.
Other Conjugations for Désengager.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désengager
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Désengager – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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