Introduction to the verb abandonner
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The English translation of the French verb abandonner is “to abandon” or “to give up.” The infinitive form “abandonner” is pronounced as ah-ban-doh-nay.
The verb abandonner originated from the Latin word “abandonare,” which means “to leave behind.” It is most often used in everyday French to express the act of leaving, giving up, or renouncing something or someone. In the Conditionnel Présent tense, it is commonly used to talk about hypothetical or future actions, expressing a possibility or a potential outcome.
Here are three examples of its usage in the Conditionnel Présent tense with their respective English translations:
- Si j’avais plus de temps, j’abandonnerais mon emploi. (If I had more time, I would quit my job.)
- Nous abandonnerions nos études si nous gagnions à la loterie. (We would give up our studies if we won the lottery.)
- Est-ce que tu abandonnerais tes rêves si cela devenait trop difficile? (Would you give up your dreams if it became too difficult?)
Note: The translations provided are not word-for-word, but they convey the intended meaning of the sentences.
Table of the Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of abandonner
|J’abandonnerais mes études.
|I would abandon my studies.
|Tu abandonnerais ton projet.
|You would abandon your project.
|Il abandonnerait son chien.
|He would abandon his dog.
|Elle abandonnerait ses responsabilités.
|She would abandon her responsibilities.
|On abandonnerait tout.
|One would abandon everything.
|Nous abandonnerions notre rêve.
|We would abandon our dream.
|Vous abandonneriez votre idée.
|You would abandon your idea.
|Ils abandonneraient leur maison.
|They would abandon their house.
|Elles abandonneraient leur objectif.
|They would abandon their goal.
Other Conjugations for Abandonner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner (this article)
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abandonner
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Abandonner – About the French Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Présent” tense, often called the present conditional tense in English, is used to express actions or events that are considered hypothetical, possible, or uncertain in the present or future. It’s the equivalent of “would” or “could” in English.
To form the Conditionnel Présent tense for regular verbs, you take the infinitive form of the verb and add the appropriate endings. For example, using the verb “parler” (to speak):
Je parlerais (I would speak)
Tu parlerais (You would speak)
Il/elle/on parlerait (He/she/one would speak)
Nous parlerions (We would speak)
Vous parleriez (You would speak)
Ils/elles parleraient (They would speak)
Note – For irregular verbs, the stem might change, so you need to memorize the conjugation.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Polite Requests
The Conditionnel Présent is often used to make polite requests or suggestions. Instead of using the imperative, which can be more direct, the conditional is softer and more courteous. For example: “Je voudrais un café, s’il vous plaît” (I would like a coffee, please).
Expressing Hypothetical Situations
It’s used to talk about hypothetical or unreal situations. For instance, “Si j’avais de l’argent, j’achèterais une nouvelle voiture” (If I had money, I would buy a new car).
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
The conditional can convey doubt or uncertainty about something in the present or future. “Il serait peut-être en retard” (He might be late).
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Conditionnel Présent is often used with the present tense to express hypothetical or conditional statements. For example, “Si tu viens demain, nous irons au cinéma” (If you come tomorrow, we will go to the movies).
The Conditionnel Présent can also be used with past tenses like the imparfait to indicate a past hypothetical action. For instance, “J’aurais aimé être là hier” (I would have liked to be there yesterday).
The Conditionnel Présent can be combined with the future tense to indicate future actions that are dependent on certain conditions. For example, “Il viendrait si tu l’invitais” (He would come if you invited him).
If you want to express a hypothetical action in the past that didn’t happen, you can use the Conditionnel Présent with the past participle to form the conditional perfect. For example, “Il aurait fini son travail s’il n’était pas tombé malade” (He would have finished his work if he hadn’t gotten sick).
The Conditionnel Présent is a versatile tense in French, allowing speakers to discuss possibilities, hypothetical scenarios, and make polite requests. It’s essential to understand its usage patterns and how it interacts with other tenses to communicate effectively in various situations.
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